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Chapter 4


Update:  2024.05.09


Acts 4:1 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of them (autōn) speaking (lalountōn) to (pros) the (ton) people (laon), the (hoi) sacrificial priests (hiereis), and (kai) the (ho) lead soldier (stratēgos) of the (tou) sacred place (hierou), and (kai) the (hoi) Sadducees (Saddoukaioi) loomed over (epestēsan) them (autois);


Acts 4:2 (LIT/UBS4) they being caused to be thoroughly distressed (diaponoumenoi) through (dia) the (to) [speaking, v1, RE] of them (autous) to teach (didaskein) the (ton) people (laon), and (kai) to report down (katangellein) among (en) [the people, RE] the (tō) Jesus (Iēsou), the (tēn) standing up (anastasin) of the (tēn) [Jesus, RE] out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn).


Acts 4:3 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they threw upon (epebalon) them (autois) the (tas) hands (chieras) [of them, AE], and (kai) they caused themselves to put (ethento) [them, RE] into (eis) [a] watch-keeping place5084 (tērēsin) into (eis) the (tēn) next (aurion) [day, AE], because (gar) it was being (ēn) evening (hespera) already (ēdē).


Acts 4:4 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) many (polloi) of the ones (tōn) having heard (akousantōn) the (ton) Word (logon), they believed (episteusan).


And (kai) the (ho) number (arithmos) of the (tōn) males (andrōn) was caused to become (egenēthē) as (hōs) five (pente) thousands (chiliades).


Acts 4:5 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) it caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) upon (epi) the (tēn) morrow (aurion), for the (tous) chief ones758 (archontas), and (kai) the (tous) elders (presbuterous), and (kai) the (tous) writers (grammateis) in (en) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm), for them (autōn) to be brought together (sunachthēnai).


Acts 4:6 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) [there, AE] [were being] Annas (Hannas) the (ho) chief sacrificial priest (archiereus), and (kai) Caiaphas (Kaiaphas), and (kai) John (Iōannēs), and (kai) Alexander (Alexandros), and (kai) as many as (hosoi) were being (ēsan) out (ek) of [a] genus (genous) of [a] chief sacrificial priest (archieratikou).


Acts 4:7 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) having stood (stēsantes) them (autous) in (en) the (tō) midst (mesō), they were causing themselves to demand (epunthanonto), “In (en) to what (poia) inherent power (dunamei), or (ē) in (en) to which (poiō) name (onomati) did you do (humeis epoiēsate) this (touto)?”


(For what is the scriptural definition of the meaning of, “being baptized in the name of…”, compare Mat. 28:19; John 5:37-43, 10:25, 13:6-15; Acts 4:7, 9:17-18, 19:5, 22:16; Rom. 1:1-6; Eph. 5:26; Titus 3:5; Rev. 1:5)


Acts 4:8 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) Peter (Petros) having been filled (plēstheis) of holy (hagiou) Spirit (pneumatos), he enunciated (eipen) to (pros) them (autous), “Chief ones758 (archontes) of the (tou) people (laou), and (kai) elders (presbuteroi),


Acts 4:9 (LIT/UBS4) if (ei) we (hēmeis) today (sēmeron) are adjudicated350 (anakrinometha) over (epi) [the sake, AE] of [a] good work (euergesia) for [a] disabled (asthenous) mortal (anthrōpou), in (en) to which (tini) [name, RE] this one (houtos) has been made whole (sesōtai),


Acts 4:10 (LIT/UBS4) let it be (estō) known (gnōston) to all (pasin) of you (humin), and (kai) to all (panti) the (tō) people (laō) of Israel (Israēl), that (hoti) in (en) the (tō) name (onomati) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou) of the (tou) Nazareth (Nazōraiou), whom (hon) you (humeis) staked (estaurōsate), whom (hon) the (ho) God (theos) awoke (ēgeiren) out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn), in (en) this (toutō) [name, RE] this one (houtos) has stood alongside (parestēken) in sight (enōpion) of you (humōn), healthy (hugiēs)!


Acts 4:11 (LIT/UBS4) This (houtos) [Jesus Christ, RE] is (estin) the (ho) stone (lithos), the one (ho) having been rejected as absolutely nothing (exouthenētheis) under (huph’) [authority, AE] of you (humōn), the (tōn) [chief sacrificial priests, v6, RE] of [a] domed-roof house3619 (oikodomōn), the (ho) [stone, RE] having caused himself to become (genomenos) into (eis) [a] head (kephalēn) of [an] angle1137 (gōnias)!


(For a stone becoming a head of an angle, see Psalm 118:22-23; Isa. 28:16-17; Mat. 21:42; Mark 12:10-11; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:1-11; Eph. 2:20; 1 Pet. 2:4-7)


(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)


Acts 4:12 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hē) wholeness (sōtēria) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) in (en) absolutely not one (oudeni) other (allō) [name, v10, RE]!


Because (gar) [there, AE] is (estin) but absolutely not (oude) [a] name (onoma), another one2087 (heteron), under (hupo) the (ton) heaven (ouranon), the (to) [name, RE] having been given (dedomenon) among (en) mortals (anthrōpois), in (en) which (hō) it is required (dei) for us (hēmas) to be made whole (sōthēnai)!”


(For Jesus Christ having caused himself to receive a name which is above all other names, with the exception of the God’s names, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:11-12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Phil. 2:5-11; Heb. 1:*4, 1-13; Rev. 3:12, 19:11-13.)


Acts 4:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [Annas, Caiaphas, John, Alexander, et al., v6, RE] observing (theōrountes) the (tēn) boldness (parrēsian) of the (tou) Peter (Petrou) and (kai) John (Iōannou), and (kai) having caused themselves to take down (katalabomenoi) that (hoti) they are (eisin) mortals (anthrōpoi) without diplomas62 (agrammatoi), and (kai) idiots (idiōtai), they were being amazed (ethaumazon)!


And (te) they were experientially knowing (epeginōskon) them (autous), that (hoti) they were being (ēsan) together with (sun) the (tō) Jesus (Iēsou).


Acts 4:14 (LIT/UBS4) And (te) they looking at (blepontes) the (ton) mortal (anthrōpon) together with (sun) them (autois), the one (ton) having been given therapy (tetherapeumenon), they were having (eichon) absolutely not one (ouden) [word, v4, RE] to enunciate opposed (anteipein) [to him, AE]! 


Acts 4:15 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they having ordered (keleusantes) them (autous) to go away (apelthein), outside (exō) of the (tou) Sanhedrin (sunedriou), they were throwing [themselves, AE] together (suneballon) toward (pros) one another (allēlous),


Acts 4:16 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legontes), “What (ti) may we do (poiēsōmen) to the (tois) mortals (anthrōpois), to these ones (toutois)?


Because (gar) that (hoti) truly (men) [a] known (gnōston) sign (sēmeion) has come to pass (gegonen) through (di’) them (autōn)!


To all (pasin) the ones (tois) homing-down (katoikousin) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm) [a sign, RE] [has been, AE] manifested (phaneron), and (kai) we can absolutely not inherently power ourselves (ou dunametha) to cause ourselves to deny (arneisthai) [[the] sign, RE]!


Acts 4:17 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (all’), in order that (hina) it may not spread (mē dianemēthē) more (pleion) over (epi) into (eis) the (ton) people (laon), may we cause ourselves to threaten (apeilēsōmetha) them (autois) to no longer yet speak (mēketi lalein) over (epi) the (tō) name (onomati) for this one (toutō), to not one (mēdeni) of [the] mortals (anthrōpōn).”


Acts 4:18 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) having called them aloud (kalesantes autous), they gave instruction (parēngeilan) to the (to) [Peter and John, v13, RE] to wholly cause themselves not to utter clearly (katholou mē phthengesthai), but nor (mēde) to teach (didaskein) over (epi) the (tō) name (onomati) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou).


Acts 4:19 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Peter (Petros) and (kai) John (Iōannēs) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokrithentes), they enunciated (eipon) to (pros) them (autous), “If (ei) it is (estin) right (dikaion) in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) God (theou) to hear (akouein) [the instruction, v18, RE] of you (humōn) more (mallon), or (ē) [to hear, RE] [the instruction, v18, RE] of the (tou) God (theou) [more, RE], you determine (krinate)!


Acts 4:20 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) we (hēmeis) can absolutely not inherently power ourselves (ou dunametha) not (mē) to speak (lalein) things which (ha) we saw (eidamen) and (kai) we heard (ēkousamen)!”


Acts 4:21 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the ones (hoi) having caused themselves to be threatening toward (prosapeilēsamenoi) [Peter and John, v19, RE], they sent them away (apelusan autous), the (to) [chief ones of the people, and elders, v8, RE] finding (heuriskontes) not one (mēden) [word, v4, RE] for how (pōs) they may cause themselves to separate (kolasōntai) them (autous) [from the people, AE], through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the (ton) people (laon);


because (hoti) all (pantes) [of the people, RE] were glorifying (edoxazon) the (ton) God (theon) over (epi) the (tō) [sign, v16, RE] having come to pass (gegonoti)!


(For more about how ones become separated from God, paying close attention to associated contexts, see Mat. 3:11-12, 12:30, 13:24-30, 13:37-43, 13:47-51, 22:1-14, 25:24-46; Luke 3:15-17, 11:23, 16:19-31, 22:31-32; John 11:49-52, 15:1-6; Acts 4:13-21; 2 Cor. 6:16-18; 2 Pet. 2:9; 1 John 4:18; Rev. 16:12-16.)


Acts 4:22 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) the (ho) mortal (anthrōpos) was being (ēn) more than (pleionōn) forty (tesserakonta) years (etōn) [of age, AE] upon (eph’) whom (hon) the (to) sign (sēmeion), this one (touto) of the (tēs) healing (iaseōs), had come to pass (gegonei).


Acts 4:23 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [Peter and John, v19, RE] having been sent away (apoluthentes), they came (ēlthon) to (pros) the ones (tous) of their own (idious), and (kai) they reported (apēngeilan) to (pros) them (autous) as many things as (hosa) the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) elders (presbuteroi) enunciated (eipon).


Acts 4:24 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the ones (hoi) [of their own, v23, RE] having heard (akousantes), [being] like-passioned (homothumadon) they lifted (ēran) [a] voice (phōnēn) to (pros) the (ton) God (theon).


And (kai) they enunciated (eipan), “Master (despota), you (su) [are] the one (ho) having made (poiēsas) the (ton) heaven (ouranon), and (kai) the (tēn) land (gēn), and (kai) the (tēn) sea (thalassan), and (kai) all (panta) the things (ta) in (en) them (autois);


Acts 4:25 (LIT/UBS4) [you are the one, RE] having enunciated (eipōn) through (dia) holy (hagiou) Spirit (pneumatos), [through, RE] [the] mouth (stomatos) of David (Dauid), the one (ho) of the (tou) father (patros) of us (hēmōn), [a] child (paidos) of you (sou), “In order for what (hinati) were ethnic groups enraged (ethnē ephruaxan), and (kai) people (laoi) cared for (emeletēsen) empty things (kena)?


Acts 4:26 (LIT/UBS4) The (hoi) kings (basileis) of the (tēs) land (gēs) stood alongside (parestēsan), and (kai) the (hoi) chief ones (archontes) were brought together (sunēchthēsan) over (epi) the (to) [sake, AE] of him (auto), down against (kata) the (tou) Lord (kuriu, YHWH), and (kai) down against (kata) the (tou) Christ (Christou) of him (autou)."


(See Psa. 2:1-2)


Acts 4:27 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar), over (ep’) [the sake, AE] of Truth (alētheias) they were brought together (sunēchthēsan) in (en) to the (tē) city (polei) to this (tautē), over (epi) [the sake, AE] of the (ton) holy (hagion) child (paida) of you (sou), Jesus (Iēsoun), whom (hon) you christened (echrisas);


both (te) Herod (Hērōdēs) and (kai) Pontius (Pontios) Pilate (Pilatos), together with (sun) ethnic groups (ethnesin) and (kai) peoples (laois) of Israel (Israēl),


Acts 4:28 (LIT/UBS4) to do (poiēsai) as many things as (hosa) the (hē) hand (cheir) of you (sou), and (kai) the (hē) counsel (boulē) of you (sou), determined before (proōrisen) to cause themselves to come to pass (genesthai).


Acts 4:29 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) of the (ta) [chief sacrificial priests and the elders, v23, RE], look (epide) now (nun), Lord (kurie), upon (epi) the (tas) threats (apeilas) of them (autōn), and (kai) give (dos) to the (tois) slaves (doulois) of you (sou) to speak (lalein) the (ton) Word (logon) of you (sou) together with (meta) all (pasēs) boldness (parrēsias),


Acts 4:30 (LIT/UBS4) in (en) to the (tō) [boldness, RE] to stretch out (ekteinein) the (tēn) hand (cheira) of you (sou) into (eis) you (se) healing (iasin) [the ethnic groups and the people, v25, RE];


and (kai) for signs (sēmeia) and (kai) for wonders (terata) to be caused to come to pass (ginesthai) through (dia) the (tou) name (onomatos) of the (tou) holy (hagiou) child (paidos) of you (sou), Jesus (Iēsou)!”


(For Jesus Christ having caused himself to receive a name which is above all other names, with the exception of the God’s names, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:11-12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Phil. 2:5-11; Heb. 1:*4, 1-13; Rev. 3:12, 19:11-13.)


Acts 4:31 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they (autōn) having been caused to beg (deēthentōn), the (ho) place (topos) in (en) which (hō) they were being (ēsan) ones having been brought together (sunēgmenoi) was shaken (esaleuthē).  


And (kai) absolutely all (hapantes) were filled (eplēsthēsan) of the (tou) holy (hagiou) Spirit (pneumatos)


And (kai) they were speaking (elaloun) the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou) with (meta) boldness (parrēsias).


Acts 4:32 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (tou) plethora (plēthous) of the ones (tōn) having believed (pisteusantōn) was being (ēn) of one (mia) heart (kardia) and (kai) soul (psuchē).


And (kai) but absolutely not (oude) one (heis) was saying (elegen) any (ti) of the (tōn) things being under control (huparchontōn) to him (autō) to be (einai) his own (idion), BUT (all’), to them (autois) absolutely everything (hapanta) was being (ēn) shared (koina)!


Acts 4:33 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) [through, AE] great (megalē) inherent power (dunamei) the (hoi) apostles (apostoloi) were giving away (apedidoun) the (to) witness (marturion) of the (tēs) standing up (anastaseōs) [out of dead ones, AE] of the (tou) lord (kuriou), Jesus (Iēsou).  


And (te) great (megalē) grace (charis) was being (ēn) upon (epi) them (autous) all (pantas),


Acts 4:34-35 (LIT/UBS4) because (gar) but absolutely not (oude) anyone (tis) among (en) them (autois) was being (ēn) one in bondage (endeēs)!


Because (gar) as many as (hosoi) [of the plethora, v32, RE] [were being] owners (ktētores) of parcels (chōriōn), or (ē) of houses (oikiōn) being under control (hupērchon) [of them, AE], they were selling (pōlountes) [them, AE], bringing (epheron) the (tas) values (timas) of the things (tōn) being sold (pipraskomenōn) and (kai) placing (etithoun) [them, AE] alongside (para) of the (tous) feet (podas) of the (tōn) apostles (apostolōn).


But (de) [the value, RE] was being distributed (diedideto) to each (hekastō) [of the plethora, v32, RE], because down on account of (kathoti) perhaps (an) anyone (tis) was having (eichen) [a] need (chreian).


(Who did Jesus Christ preach and teach as being the kind of people who have legitimate needs?  See Mat. 11:5, 15:30-31, 19:21, 25:34-36, 26:9; Mark 10:21, 14:5; Luke 4:18, 7:22, 14:13, 21, 18:22, 19:8; Acts 8:7; Rom. 15:26; 2 Cor. 8:9, 9:9; James 2:14-16)


Acts 4:36 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Joseph (Iōsēph), the one (ho) having been called aloud (epiklētheis) Barnabas (Barnabas) from (apo) the (tōn) apostles (apostolōn), (which (ho) [name, AE] is (estin) being with interpretation (methermēneuomenon), “[A] son (huios) of consolation (paraklēseōs)”), [a] Levite (Leuitēs), [a] Cypriot (Kuprios) for the (tō) genus (genei),


Acts 4:37 (LIT/UBS4) he having sold (pōlēsas) [a] field (agrou) being under control (huparchontos) to him (autō), he brought (ēnenken) the (to) necessity (chrēma) and (kai) placed (ethēken) [it, AE] toward (pros) the (tous) feet (podas) of the (tōn) apostles (apostolōn).