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Chapter 25


Update:  2024.05.13


Acts 25:1 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), Festus (Phēstos) having stepped over (epibas) to the (tē) province (eparcheia), with (meta) [the passing, AE] of three (treis) days (hēmeras) he stepped up (anebē) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma) from (apo) Caesarea (Kaisareias).


Acts 25:2 (LIT/UBS4) And (te) the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) first ones4413 (prōtoi) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn) manifested (enephanisan) to him (autō) down on account (kata) of the (tou) Paul (Paulou), and (kai) they were accosting (parekaloun) him (auton),


Acts 25:3 (LIT/UBS4) causing themselves to request (aitoumenoi) [a] favor (charin) down on account (kat’) of him (autou);


it so being that (hopōs) he might cause himself to send (metapempsētai) him (auton) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm), they making (poiountes) [an] ambush (enedran) to annihilate (anelein) him (auton) down (kata) the (tēn) way (hodon).


Acts 25:4 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), truly (men), the (ho) Festus (Phēstos) was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithē) for the (ton) Paul (Paulon) to be watchfully kept (tēreisthai) in (eis) Caesarea (Kaisareian).


But (de) of himself (heauton), [the Festus, RE] [was] about to (mellein) cause himself to go out (ekporeuesthai) in (en) [a] hurry (tachei).


Acts 25:5 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), he shed light (phēsin), “The ones (hoi) among (en) you (humin), inherently powered ones (dunatoi), ones having walked down together with (sunkatabantes) [me, AE], let them make [a] public accusation (katēgoreitōsan) of him (autou), if (ei) there is (estin) anything (ti) atypical (atopon) in (en) the (tō) male (andri).”


Acts 25:6 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) he having rubbed through1304 (diatripsas) among (en) them (autois) absolutely not (ou) more than (pleious) eight (oktō) or (ē) ten (deka) days (hēmeras), he having stepped down (katabas) into (eis) Caesarea (Kaisareian), upon the morrow (tē epaurion) he having sat down (kathisas) upon (epi) the (tou) step of the tribune968 (bēmatos), he ordered (ekeleusen) the (ton) Paul (Paulon) to be led (achthēnai) [in, AE].


Acts 25:7 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of him (autou) having caused himself to become alongside (paragenomenou), the (hoi) Judeans (Ioudaioi) having stepped down (katabebēkotes) from (apo) Jerusalem (Hierosolumōn), they stood around (periestēsan) him (auton) bringing down (katapherontes) many (polla) and (kai) weighty (barea) allegations (aitiōmata), of which (ha) they were absolutely not being strong enough (ouk ischuon) to appoint (apodeixai) [to him, AE]!


Acts 25:8 (LIT/UBS4) Of the (tou) Paul (Paulou) causing himself to explain (apologoumenou), [he enunciated, AE] that (hoti), “But absolutely neither (oute) have I sinned (hēmarton) anything (ti) into (eis) the (ton) law (nomon) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn), and absolutely neither (oute) into (eis) the (to) sacred place (hieron), and absolutely nor (oute) into (eis) Caesar (Kaisara)!”


Acts 25:9 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Festus (Phēstos) desiring (thelōn) [a] gracious thing (charin) to be laid down (katathesthai) for the (tois) Judeans (Ioudaioia), he having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis) he enunciated (eipen) to the (tō) Paul (Paulō), “Having stepped up (anabas) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma), do you desire (theleis) to be judged (krithēnai) there (ekei) about (peri) these things (toutōn), over (ep’) [the sake, AE] of me (emou)?”


Acts 25:10 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Paul (Paulos) enunciated (eipen), “I (eimi) have stood (hestōs) upon (epi) the (tou) step of the tribune968 (bēmatos) of Caesar (Kaisaros), where (hou) it is necessary (dei) for me (me) to be judged (krinesthai).


Of absolutely not one (ouden) [allegation, v7, RE] was I unrighteous (ēdikēsa) [to the, AE] Judeans (Ioudaious), as (hōs) you (su) also (kai) beautifully (kallion) experientially know (epiginōskeis)!


Acts 25:11 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), truly (men), if (ei) I do unrighteousness (adikō), and (kai) I have habitually practiced (pepracha) anything (ti) worthy (axion) of death (thanatou), I absolutely do not  request myself to be pardoned (ou paraitoumai) of the (to) [judgment, v10, RE] to die away (apothanein)!


But (de) if (ei) there is (estin) absolutely not one (ouden) [allegation, RE] of which (hōn) these ones (houtoi) can make public accusations (katēgorousin) of me (mou), absolutely not one (oudeis) [mortal, AE] can inherently power himself (dunatai) to cause himself to make [a] gracious gift (charisasthai) of me (me) to them (autois)!


I cause myself to call aloud (epikaloumai) for Caesar (Kaisara)!”


Acts 25:12 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) the (ho) Festus (Phēstos), he having spoken together (sullalēsas) with (meta) the (tou) council (sumbouliou), was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithē), “You caused yourself to call aloud (epikeklēsai) for Caesar (Kaisara).


Over (epi) to Caesar (kaisara) you shall cause yourself to go (poreusē).”


Acts 25:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of some (tinōn) days (hēmerōn) having thoroughly caused themselves to come to pass (diagenomenōn), Agrippa (Agrippas) the (ho) king (basileus) and (kai) Bernice (Bernikē) came down adjacent2658 (katēntēsan) into (eis) Caesarea (Kaisareian), ones having caused themselves to embrace (aspasamenoi) the (ton) Festus (Phēston).


Acts 25:14 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) as (hōs) they were rubbing through1304 (dietribon) there (ekei) many (pleious) days (hēmeras), Festus (Phēstos) caused himself to put up (anetheto) to the (tō) king (basilei) the (ta) [weighty allegations, v7, RE] down against (kata) the (ton) Paul (Paulon), saying (logōn), “[There, AE] is (estin) [a] certain (tis) male (anēr) having been left (kataleleimmenos) bound (desmios) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of Felix (Phēlikos),


Acts 25:15 (LIT/UBS4) about (peri) whom (hou), of me (mou) having caused myself to come (genomenou) into (eis) Jerusalem (Ierosoluma), the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) elders (presbuteroi) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn) manifested (enephanisan) [weighty allegations, v2, 7, RE], causing themselves to request (aitoumenoi) [a] writ (katadikēn) down against (kat’) him (autou);


Acts 25:16 (LIT/UBS4) to (pros) whom (hous) I was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithēn), that (hoti) it is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) [a] custom (ethos) for Romans (Rhōmaiois) to be gracious (charizesthai) to any (tina) mortal (anthrōpon);


or (ē) until (prin) the one (ho) being publicly accused (katēgoroumenos) may have (echoi) the (tous) public accusers (katēgorous) down (kata) [before him, AE] face to face (prosōpon), and (te) he may receive (laboi) [a] place (topon) of defense (apologias) about (peri) the (tou) accusation (enklēmatos).


Acts 25:17 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), of them (autōn) having come together (sunelthontōn) within (enthade), I having caused myself to make (poiēsamenos) but not one (mēdemian) delay (anabolēn), the (tē) adjoining (hexēs) [day, AE] I having sat down (kathisas) upon (epi) the (tou) step of the tribune968 (bēmatos), I ordered (ekeleusa) the (ton) male (andra) to be led (achthēnai) [in, AE];


Acts 25:18 (LIT/UBS4) about (peri) whom (hou), the (hoi) public accusers (katēgoroi) having been made to stand (stathentes), they were bringing (epheron) but absolutely not one (oudemian) cause (aitian) of evil things (ponērōn), of which (hōn) I (egō) was suspecting (hupenooun)!


Acts 25:19 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they were having (eichon) some (tina) issues (zētēmata) toward (pros) him (auton) about (peri) the (tēs) [chief sacrificial priests and the elders of them, v15, RE] [being] cowards of their own demons (idias deisidaimonias);


and (kai) [issues, RE] about (peri) some (tinos) Jesus (Iēsou) having died (tethnēkotos), whom (hon) the (ho) Paul (Paulos) was claiming (ephasken) to live (zēn).


(For the Judean religious leaders being cowards of their own demon spirit possessions because their father was the devil himself (John 8:44), and their subsequent refusal to believe in Jesus, the Christ, see John 8:34-56 There Jesus explains that those who can’t “hear”/understand the meanings of Jesus’ Words are having issues with demon spirit possession. Jesus stated that this is the result of the Judean religious leaders having the devil as their spiritual father.  See Acts 19:13-17 also, in which Luke records that seven sons of a Judean chief sacrificial priest named Sceva were attempting to throw out a demon spirit from a man through invoking the name of Jesus.  The man in whom was the demon spirit jumped upon them and traumatized them, so that they had to flee from the man’s house naked and traumatized.)


Acts 25:20 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) I (egō) causing myself to be one perplexed (aporoumenos) about (peri) the (tēn) debate (zētēsin) of these things (toutōn), I was saying (elegon) [to him, AE] if (ei) he might cause himself to wish (bouloito) to make himself go (poreuesthai) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma), and there (kakei) to be judged (krinesthai) about (peri) these things (toutōn).


Acts 25:21 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of the (tou) Paul (Paulou) having caused himself to call aloud (epikalesamenou) for him (auton) to be watchfully kept (tērēthēnai) into (eis) the (tēn) diagnoses (diagnōsin) of the (tou) Augustan (sebastou), I ordered (ekeleusa) him (auton) to be watchfully kept (tēreisthai) until (heōs) I may send him up (anapempsō auton) to (pros) Caesar (Kaisara)."


Acts 25:22 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Agrippa (Agrippas) [enunciated, AE] to (pros) the (ton) Festus (Phēston),I was wishing to myself (eboulomēn) for myself (autos) also (kai) to hear (akousai) the (tou) mortal (anthrōpou).” 


[Festus, RE] shed light (phēsin), “Tomorrow (aurion) you shall hear (akousē) him (autou).”


Acts 25:23 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), upon the morrow (tē epaurion), of the (tou) Agrippa (Agrippa) and (kai) the (tēs) Bernice (Bernikēs) having come (elthontos) with (meta) much (pollēs) showbiz (phantasias), and (kai) they having entered in (eiselthontōn) into (eis) the (to) place of hearing (akroatērion) together with (sun) both (te) tribunes (chiliarchois) and (kai) the ones (tois) [being] exceptional (exochēn) males (andrasin) down (kat’) [in, AE] the (tēs) city (poleōs), and (kai) of the (tou) Festus (Phēstou) having ordered (keleusantos), the (ho) Paul (Paulos) was led (ēchthē) [in, AE].


Acts 25:24 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) Festus (Phēstos) shed light5346 (phēsin), “King (basileu) Agrippa (Agrippa), and (kai) all (pantes) the (hoi) males (andres) being alongside together with (sumparontes) us (hēmin), do you observe (theōreite) this one (touton) about (peri) whom (hou) absolutely all (hapan) the (to) fullness (plethos) of the (tōn) Judeans (Ioudaiōn) interceded (enetuchon) to me (moi), in (en) both (te) Jerusalem (Hierosolumois) and (kai) within (enthade), ones shouting (boōntes) to require (dein) him (auton) not (mē) to live (zēn) any longer (mēketi)!?"


Acts 25:25 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) I (egō) caused myself to take (katelabomēn) him (auton) to have habitually practiced (peprachenai) not one (mēden) [practice, RE] worthy (axion) of death (thanatou)!


But (de) of himself (autou), this one (toutou) having caused himself to call aloud upon (epikalesamenou) the (ton) Augustan (Sebaston), I determined (ekrina) to send (pempein) [him, AE];


Acts 25:26 (LIT/UBS4) about (peri) whom (hou) I absolutely do not have (ouk echō) something (ti) for sure (asphales) to write (grapsai) to the (tō) lord (kuriō).


Through [the sake, AE] of which (dio) I led him before (proēgagon auton) [you all, v24, AE] over (eph’) [the sake, AE] of you (humōn), and (kai) especially (malista) over (epi) [the sake, AE] of you (sou), king (basileu) Agrippa (Agrippa);


it so being that (hopōs) the (tēs) adjudication (anakriseōs) having caused itself to come to pass (genomenēs), I may have (schō) something (ti) I may write (grapsō)!


Acts 25:27 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) to me (moi) it [is] concluded (dokei)  [to be] unreasonable (alogon), I sending (pemponta) [a] bound one (desmion), to not signify (mē sēmanai) the (tas) causes (aitias) also (kai) down on account (kat’) of him (autou) [being bound, AE]!”