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Chapter 3


Update:  2024.03.27


Heb. 3:1 (LIT/UBS4) From which (hothen), holy (hagioi) brothers (adelphoi), partners (metochoi) of [a] heavenly (epouraniou)  calling (klēseōs), perceive entirely (katanoēsate) the (ton) apostle (apostolon) and (kai) chief sacrificial priest (archierea) of the (tēs) confession (homologias) of us (hēmōn), Jesus (Iēsoun);


Heb. 3:2 (LIT/UBS4) he being (onta) believable (piston) to the one (tō) having made (poiēsanti) him (auton), as (hōs) Moses (mōusēs) also (kai) [was] [believable, RE] in (en) the (tō) whole (holō) house (oikō) of him (autou)


(Here’s yet another passage which states that the Word which became Jesus Christ was a being created and made by God. See Prov. 8:24-25; Col. 1:15, 17; Heb. 3:2; Rev. 3:14.)


(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)


(For all of the things the Word caused itself to become see notes under Mat. 3:17 and Luke 24:19.)


Heb. 3:3 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) this one (houtos) has been made worthy (ēxiōtai) of more (pleionos) glory (doxēs) beside (para) [[the] glory, RE] of Moses (mōusēn).  


Down according to (kath’) as many (hoson), [which one, AE] has (echei) more (pleiona) honor (timēn), the (tou) house (oikou), [or, AE] the one (ho) having laid down [the] schematic (kataskeuasas) of it (auton)?


Heb. 3:4 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) every (pas) house (oikos) is schematized down (kataskeuazetai) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of someone (tinos).


But (de) the one (ho) having laid down [the] schematic (kataskeuasas) of all things (panta) [is] God (theos)!


(Both the God and his son Christ Jesus are referred to as saviors by the apostles. The clear distinction the holy scriptures make between the roles of the two is that the God prepared the plan and the schematic for our salvation (Heb. 3:1-4; Rom. 3:23-25; Eph. 1:7-9; Luke 1:47; 1 Tim. 1:1, 2:3, 4:10; 2 Tim. 1:9; Tit. 1:2-3, 2:10, 3:4; Jude 1:25, Rev. 7:10), while Christ Jesus, who caused himself to follow God’s plan and schematic, caused himself to become God’s enabling one, or instrument of our salvation (Heb. 5:9; Luke 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31, 13:23; Eph. 5:23; Phil. 3:20; 2 Tim. 1:10; Tit. 1:2-4, 2:13, 3:6; 2 Pet. 1:1, 1:11, 2:20, 3:2, 18; 1 John 4:14).


Heb. 3:5 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) Moses (Mōusēs), truly (mēn) [a] believable one (pistos) in (en) the (tō) whole (holō) house (oikō) of him (autou) as (hōs) [a] servant (therapōn), [was] [a] witness (marturion) into (eis) the things (tōn) [which, AE] shall be spoken (lalēthēsomenōn).


Heb. 3:6 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Christ (Christos), as (hōs) [a] son (huios), [is] over (epi) the (ton) house (oikon) of him (autou), of whose (hou) house (oikon) we (hēmeis) are (esmen), if perhaps (ean) we may hold down (kataschōmen) the (tēn) boldness (parrēsian) and (kai) the (to) boast (kauchēma) of the (tēs) hope (elpidos);


(For the God, under his new covenant, being IN believers, and he working IN and THROUGH them, see Lev. 26:11-12; Ezek. 11:19-20, 36:25-27; Mat. 13:33; Luke 17:20-21; John 3:3-8, 14:20-21, 26, 17:14-21; Rom. 8:8-11; 1 Cor. 3:16-17, 6:19-20; 2 Cor. 4:3-7, 6:14-7:1, 13:3-5, 14; Gal. 1:15-16, 2:20, 4:18-19; Eph. 2:17-22, 3:14-19; Col. 1:27; 2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. 3:6, 13:20-21; 1 John 3:23-24, 4:7-8, 15-16)


(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, his new holy place under his new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as his new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with his own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)


Heb. 3:7 (LIT/UBS4) through which (dio) down according to as (kathōs) the (to) Spirit (pneuma), the (to) holy one (hagion), says (legei), “Today (sēmeron), if perhaps (ean) you may hear (akousēte) the (tēs) voice (phōnēs) of him (autou),


Heb. 3:8 (LIT/UBS4) may you not harden (mē sklērunēte) the (tas) hearts (kardias) of you (humōn) as (hōs) in (en) the (tō) bitterness alongside (parapikrasmō) [of Moses, v5, RE], down on account (kata) of the (tēn) day (hēmeran) of the (tou) testing (peirasmou) in (en) the (tē) desolate place (erēmō);


Heb. 3:9 (LIT/UBS4) where (hou) the (hoi) fathers (pateres) of you (humōn) tested (epeirasan) [me, RE] in (en) [a] proving (dokimasia), and (kai) they saw (eidon) the (ta) works (erga) of me (mou).


Heb. 3:10 (LIT/UBS4) Through which (dio) forty (tesserakonta) years (etē) I grieved (prosōchthisa) for the (tē) generation (genea) to this (tautē), and (kai) I enunciated (eipon), ‘Constantly (aei) they are caused to wander (planōntai) [in, AE] the (tē) heart (kardia).'


But (de) they (autoi) absolutely did not know (ouk egnōsan) the (tas) ways (hodous) of me (mou),


Heb. 3:11 (LIT/UBS4) as (hōs) I swore (ōmosa) in (en) the (tē) anger (orgē) of me (mou), [which they shall know, AE] if (ei) they shall cause themselves to enter in (eiseleusontai) into (eis) the (tēn) pause (katapausin) of me (mou)!”


(Psalm 95:7-11)


Heb. 3:12 (LIT/UBS4) Look (blepete) brothers (adelphoi), do not ever let (mēpote) [an] evil (ponēra) heart (kardia) of unbelief (apistias) cause itself to be (estai) in (en) any (tini) of you (humōn);


[[a] heart, RE] in (en) the (tō) [unbelief, RE] to depart away (apostēnai) from (apo) [the] living (zōntos) God (theou)!


Heb. 3:13 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), console (parakaleite) yourselves (heautous) down through (kath’) each (hekastēn) day (hēmeran), until (achris) of which (hou) [day, RE] it is called aloud (kaleitai) the (to) ‘today (sēmeron)', in order that (hina) some (tis) out (ex) of you (humōn) may not be hardened (mē sklērunthē) to deceitfulness (apatē) of the (tēs) sin (hamartias)!


Heb. 3:14 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) we have become (gegonamen) partners (metochoi) of the (tou) Christ (Christou); so be it if perhaps (eanper) we may hold down (kataschōmen) the (tēn) foundational (bebaian) beginning (archēn) of the (tēs) understanding (hupostaseōs) [of the Christ, RE] until (mechri) [the] completion (telous) [of it, AE],


Heb. 3:15 (LIT/UBS4) in (en) the (tō) [day, v13, RE] to be said to be (legesthai), “Today (sēmeron), if perhaps (ean) you may hear (akousēte) the (tēs) voice (phōnēs) of him (autou), may you not harden (mē sklērunēte) the (tas) hearts (kardias) of you (humōn) as (hōs) in (en) the (tō) bitterness alongside (parapikrasmō) [of Moses, v5, RE]!”


(See Psalm 95:7-11.)


Heb. 3:16 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) some (tines) having heard (akousantes) were bitter alongside (parepikranan) [of him, AE].


BUT (all’), absolutely not (ou) all (pantes) of the ones (hoi) having gone out (exelthontes) out (ex) of Egypt (Aiguptou) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of Moses (mōuseōs) [were bitter, RE]!


Heb. 3:17 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) for whom (tisin) <was> [God, v12, RE] grieved toward (prosōchthisen) for forty (tesserakonta) years (etē)?  


Was it absolutely not (ouchi) for the ones (tois) having sinned (hamartēsasin), the (ta) limbs (kōla) of whom (hōn) fell (epesen) in (en) the (tē) desolate place (erēmō)!?


Heb. 3:18 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) to whom (tisin) did [God, v12, RE] swear (ōmosen) to not be able to cause themselves to enter in (mē eiseleusesthai) into (eis) the (tēn) pause (katapausin) of him (autou), if (ei) not (mē) to the ones (tois) having been dissuaded (apeithēsasin)?


Heb. 3:19 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) we see (blepomen) that (hoti) through (di’) unbelief (apistian) they were absolutely not inherently powered (ouk ēdunēthēsan) to enter in (eiselthein)!