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Chapter 8


Update:  2024.01.23


Heb. 8:1 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [the] head-cost2774 (kephalaion) over (epi) the things (tois) being said (legomenois) [is] [this, AE]:


We have (echomen) [a] chief sacrificial priest (archierea) like this (toiouton), one who (hos) sat down (ekathisen) in (en) to [the] right (dexia) of the (tou) throne (thronou) of the (tēs) magnificence (megalōsunēs) in (en) the (tois) heavens (ouranois);


(For Christ Jesus having his own throne, see Mat. 19:28, 25:31; Luke 1:32; Acts 2:30; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:8, 8:1, 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:22; Rev. 3:21, 5:6, 6:16, 7:9, 17, 12:5, 19:9-10, 21:3, 22:1, 3.)


Heb. 8:2 (LIT/UBS4) [a] liturgist (leitourgos) of the (tōn) holy ones (hagiōn), and (kai) of the (tēs) tent (skēnēs), the (tēs) true (alēthinēs) [tent, RE] which (hēn) the (ho) Lord (kurios) pegged4078 (epēxen), absolutely not (ouk) [a] mortal (anthrōpos) 


(For what is God’s prophesied true “tent”, his new holy place under his new covenant, the prophesied promise of the Father to place himself into believers to live in them as his new permanent domicile, a true “tent” not built with mortal’s hands but with his own hand, see Ex. 15:17; 2 Sam. 7:5-16; Isa. 8:14; Ezek. 11:16; Joel 2:28-29; Amos 9:11-12; Mat. 3:11, 16:18, 26:61, 27:39-40; Mark 14:58, 15:29; Luke 3:21-22, 24:49; *John 2:19-22, 3:1-, 4:20-24, 7:37-39, 14:2, *23; Acts 1:4-5, 2:16-18, 33, 38-39, *7:44-50, *15:16-18, *17:24, *20:28; *Rom. 8:9-11, 12:4-5; 1 Cor. *3:16-17, *6:19-20, 10:16-17, 12:12-28; *2 Cor. 5:1, *6:16-18; Gal. 3:14, 22; Eph. 1:13-14, 22-23, *2:17-22, 3:6, 4:11-16, 5:30-32; Col. 1:18-27, 2:6-10, 3:15; *1 Thes. 5:9-11; *1 Tim. 3:15; *2 Tim. 1:14; Heb. *3:4-6, 8:2, *9:11-15, *24, 10:21, 36; 1 Pet. 2:4-5; 1 John 4:12-16; Rev. 3:12, 7:15, 11:19, *13:6, *21:3, 22)


Heb. 8:3 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) every (pas) chief sacrificial priest (archiereus) is appointed (kathistatai) into (eis) the (to) [liturgy, v2, RE] to bring to (prospherein) [the Lord, v2, ER] both (te) offerings (dōra) and (kai) sacrifices (thusias)


from which (hothen) [it, AE] [is] necessary (anankaion) for this one (touton) also (kai) to have (echein) something (ti) which (ho) he may bring to (prosenenkē) [the Lord, v2, ER].


Heb. 8:4 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), if (ei) truly (men) he was being (ēn) upon (epi) earth (gēs), perhaps (an) was he absolutely not being (oud’ ēn) [a] sacrificial priest (hiereus), being (ontōn) of the ones (tōn) bringing to (prospherontōn) [the Lord, v2, ER] the (ta) offerings (dōra) down according to (kata) the (ta) law (nomon),


Heb. 8:5 (LIT/UBS4) [this one, v3, RE] [being, v4, RE] of ones who (hoitines) serve (latreuousin) [as, AE] [an] example (hupodeigmati) and (kai) [a] shadow (skia) of the (tōn) heavenly things (epouraniōn), down according to as (kathōs) Moses (Mōusēs) has been directed (kechrēmatistai), he being about (mellōn) to complete (epitelein) the (tēn) tent (skēnēn)!?


Because (gar), [the Lord, v2, ER] shed light5346 (phēsin), “Gaze at (hora) [it, AE]!”


“You shall make (poiēseis) all things (panta) down according to (kata) the (ton) type5179 (tupon), the one (ton) having been thoroughly shown (deichthenta) to you (soi) in (en) the (tō) mountain (orei)!”


(See Exod. 25:40)


Heb. 8:6 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) now (nun) [this one, v3, RE] has attained (tetuchen) [a] different (diaphorōteras) liturgical service (leitourgias), for as much as (hosō) he is (estin) [a] mediator (mesitēs) also (kai) of [a] stronger positioned (kreittonos) covenant (diathēkēs), one which (hētis) had law put in place (nenomothetētai) upon (epi) stronger positioned (kreittosin) promises (epangeliais).


Heb. 8:7 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) if (ei) that (ekeinē) [covenant, v6, RE], the (hē) first one (prōtē), was being (ēn) [a] faultless one (amemptos), perhaps (an) [a] place (topos) for [a] second (deuteras) [covenant, v6, RE] would absolutely not be being sought (ouk ezēteito)!


Heb. 8:8 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar), causing himself to find [the] fault (memphomenos) of them (autous), he says (legei), ”Behold (idou), days (hēmerai) cause themselves to come (erchontai)”, says (legei) [the] Lord (kurios, YHWH), “and (kai) I shall make altogether (suntelesō) [a] new (kainēn) covenant (diathēkēn) over (epi) the (ton) house (oikon) of Israel (Israēl) and (kai) over (epi) the (ton) house (oikon) of Judah (Iouda); 


(For how near is the Kingdom of the Heavens, i.e., the Kingdom of God, see Mat. 3:2, 4:17, 6:10, 10:7, 26:29; Mark 1:15, 9:1, 11:10, 14:25, 43; Luke 10:9-11, *17:20-21, 19:12, 22:18, 47; 1 Cor. 6:12, 10:23, 11:25; Heb. 8:8, 9:15)


Heb. 8:9 (LIT/UBS4) absolutely not (ou) down according to (kata) the (tēn) covenant (diathēkēn) which (hēn) I made (epoiēsa) for the (tois) fathers (patrasin) of them (autōn) in (en) [a] day (hēmera) having caused myself to take upon (epilabomenou) me (mou) the (tēs) hand (cheiros) of them (autōn) to lead them out (exagagein autous), out (ek) of [the] land (gēs) of Egypt (Aiguptou), because (hoti) they absolutely did not stay in (ouk enemeinan) in (en) to the (tē) covenant (diathēkē) of me (mou), and I (kagō) was uncaring (ēmelēsa) of them (autōn)!”, says (legei) [the] Lord (kurios, YHWH).


Heb. 8:10 (LIT/UBS4) “Because (hoti) this (hautē) [is] the (hē) covenant (diathēkē) which (hēn) I shall cause myself to put through (diathēsomai) for the (tō) house (oikō) of Israel (Israēl) with (meta) [the coming to pass, AE] of the (tas) days (hēmeras) of those things (ekeinas), says (legei) [the] Lord (kurios, YHWH):


“I am giving (didous) [the] laws (nomous) of me (mou) into (eis) the (tēn) thought (dianoian) of them (autōn);


and (kai) I shall inscribe (epigrapsō) them (autous) upon (epi) [the] hearts (kardias) of them (autōn).


And (kai) I shall cause myself to be (esomai) for them (autois) into (eis) [the] God (theon), and (kai) they (autoi) shall cause themselves to be (esontai) for me (moi) into (eis) [a] people (laon).


(For who caused himself to become the firstborn son of God, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*13-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; John 1:26-34, 3:1-7; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10, 12:23; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7.)


Heb. 8:11 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) no (mē), absolutely not (ou) may they teach (didaxōsin), each one (hekastos) the (ton) fellow citizen (politēn) of him (autou), and (kai) each one (hekastos) the (ton) brother (adelphon) of him (autou), saying (legōn), ‘Know (gnōthi) the (ton) Lord (kurion)’, because (hoti) all (pantes) shall see (eidēsousin) me (me), from (apo) [a] small one (mikrou) unto (heōs) [a] great one (megalou) of them (autōn);


Heb. 8:12 (LIT/UBS4) because (hoti) I shall cause myself to be (esomai) auspicious (hileōs) to the (tais) unrighteousness (adikiais) of them (autōn).


And (kai) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn) of them (autōn), no (mē), may I absolutely no longer yet be reminded (ou mnēsthō eti)!”


(See Jer. 31:31-34)


(For all those who have received a new birth above in God’s promised gift of his paternal holy Spirit (Lev. 26:11-12; John 3:3-8; Acts 1:4; 2 Cor. 6:16-18; *1 Pet. 1:23), and for those paternal sons being taught by God (YHWH) himself, see Isa. 54:13; Jer. 31:31-34; Luke 12:12; John 5:19-20, 6:45, 14:26, 15:26, 16:13-14; 1 Cor. 1:4-8, 2:10, 12:8; 2 Cor. 5:19; Gal. 1:12; Eph. 4:20-21; 1 Thes. 4:9; 2 Tim. 2:7; Heb. 8:8-12, 10:16-17; James 1:5-6; 1 John 2:27, 5:20)


(For the God's prophecy of his coming new covenant, see Jer. 31:31-34; 2 Cor. 3:2-3; Heb. 8:8-12, 10:16-17)


Heb. 8:13 (LIT/UBS4) In (en) the (tō) [finding fault, v8, RE] to say (legein) [a] new (kainēn) [covenant, v8, RE], he has made old (pepalaiōken) the (tēn) first one (prōtēn).


But (de) the (to) [covenant, v8, RE] being caused to be made old (palaioumenon), and (kai) is growing older (gēraskon), [is] near (engus) invisibility (aphanismou)!