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Chapter 12


Update:  2022.01.02


Heb. 12:1 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) so therefore because (toigaroun) we (hēmeis) are having (echontes) so much (tosouton) of [a] cloud (nephos) of witnesses (marturōn) causing itself to lie around (perikeimenon) us (hēmin), we having caused ourselves to put away (apothemenoi) every (panta) encumbrance (onkon) and (kai) the (tēn) sin (hamartian) standing around well abundant (euperistaton), through (di) endurance (hupomonēs) may we run (trechōmen) the (ton) agony (agōna) being laid before (prokeimenon) us (hēmin);


Heb. 12:2 (LIT/UBS4) we gazing away (aphorōntes) into (eis) the (ton) beginner (archēgon) and (kai) completer (teleiōtēn) of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs), Jesus (Iēsoun);


who (hos), instead (anti) [of enjoying, AE] the (tēs) joy (charas) being laid before (prokeimenēs) him (autō), he endured (hupemeinen) [a] stake (stauron), having thought down upon2706 (kataphronēsas) [the] shame (aischunēs)!


And (tē) he has sat down (kekathiken) in (en) to [the] right (dexia) of the (tou) throne (thronou) of the (tou) God (theou).


(See Mark 16:19; John 7:39, 13:32; Acts 2:33; Heb. 12:2; 1 Pet. 1:8)


(For who is the complete one, see Luke 13:31-32; John 17:18-23; Eph.4:7-16; Col. 1:19; Heb. 5:8-9, 7:28, 9:11, 12:2.)


(For Christ Jesus having his own throne, see Mat. 19:28, 25:31; Luke 1:32; Acts 2:30; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:8, 8:1, 12:2; 1 Pet. 3:22; Rev. 3:21, 5:6, 6:16, 7:9, 17, 12:5, 19:9-10, 21:3, 22:1, 3.)


Heb. 12:3 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar), cause yourselves to word-up357 (analogisasthe) [about, AE] the one (ton) like this (toiautēn), he having endured (hupomemenēkota) [agony, v1, RE] into (eis) himself (heauton) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of [a] disagreement (antilogian) of the (tōn) sinful ones (hamartōlōn), in order that (hina) you may not be weary (mē kamēte), the (tais) souls (psuchais) of you (humōn) being caused to give out (ekluomenoi)!


Heb. 12:4 (LIT/UBS4) Absolutely not yet (oupō), until (mechris) blood (haimatos), have you stood down opposed478 (antikatestēte), causing yourselves to agonize (antagōnizomenoi) toward (pros) the (tēn) sin (hamartian)!


Heb. 12:5 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) of the (tēs) consolation (paraklēseōs), you have caused yourselves to hide [it, AE] out (eklelēsthe)!  


Which one (hētis) causes himself to argue (dialegetai) to you (humin) as (hōs) sons (huiois)?


“Son (huie) of me (mou), do not care little (mē oligōrei) for [the] child-training (paideias) of [the] Lord (kuriou), but nor (mēde) be caused to give out (ekluou) being reproved (elenchomenos) under (hup’) [authority, AE] of him (autou).


Heb. 12:6 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) whom (hon) [the] Lord (kurios) loves (agapa), he child-trains (paideuei).


But (de) he scourges (mastigoi) every (panta) son (huion) whom (hon) he causes himself to receive alongside (paradechetai).”


(See Prov. 3:11-12)


Heb. 12:7 (LIT/UBS4) Endure (hupomenete) into (eis) child-training (paideian);


the (ho) God (theos) brings you to (humin prospheretai) [himself, v6, RE] as (hōs) sons (huiois)!  


Because (gar) which (tis) son (huios) [is] [[a] son, RE] whom (hon) [the] Father (patēr) absolutely does not (ou) child-train (paideuei)!?


Heb. 12:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) if (ei) you are (este) without (chōris) child-training (paideias), of which (hēs) all (pantes) have become (gegonasin) partners (metochoi), then (ara) you are (este) illegitimate ones (nothoi), and (kai) absolutely not (ouch) sons (huioi)!


Heb. 12:9 (LIT/UBS4) Thereafter (eita), truly (men), we've been having (eichomen) child-trainers (paideutas), the (tous) fathers (pateras) of the (tēs) flesh (sarkos) of us (hēmōn), and (kai) we were being caused to be respectful (enetrepometha)!  


But (de) much (polu) more (mallon), shall we absolutely not be put in submission5293 (ou hupotagēsometha) to the (tō) Father (patri) of the (tōn) spirits (pneumatōn), and (kai) we shall live (zēsomen)!?


Heb. 12:10 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar), truly (men), the (hoi) [fathers of us, v9, RE] were child-training (epaideuon) [us, v9, RE] for (pros) [a] few (oligas) days (hēmeras), [we being caused to be respectful, v9, RE] to them (autois) down on account (kata) of the (to) [child-training, RE] being concluded (dokoun)!


But (de) the (ho) [child-training, v10, RE] [of us, v9, RE] [is] over (epi) [the sake, AE] of the (to) [child-training, v10, RE] being mutually beneficial (sumpheron), into (eis) the (to) [benefit of us, AE] to partake (metalabein) of the (tēs) holiness (hagiotētos) of him (autou)!


Heb. 12:11 (LIT/UBS4) But (de), truly (men), any (pasa) child-training (paideia) coming alongside (paron) to (pros) the one (to) [partaking of the holiness of him, v10, RE], he concludes (dokei) [it, AE] to absolutely not be (ou einai) [a] joy (charas), BUT (alla), [a] grief (lupēs)!   


But (de) later (husteron) [[the] child-training, RE} gives away (apodidōsin) peaceful (eirēnikon) produce (karpon) of righteousness (dikaiosunēs), to the ones (tois) having been trained (gegumnasmenois) through (di’) her (autēs);


Heb. 12:12 (LIT/UBS4) through which (dio) make straight up (anorthōsate) the (tas) hands (cheiras) having relaxed alongside (pareimenas), and (kai) the (ta) knees (gonata) having been paralyzed (paralelumena).


Heb. 12:13 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai), [as, AE] wheel-tracks (trochias), make (poieite) straight (orthas) the (tois) feet (posin) of you (humōn), in order that (hina) the (to) lame one (chōlon) may not be turned out (mē ektrapē) [of the wheel-tracks, RE], but (de) more (mallon), he may be healed (iathē).


Heb. 12:14 (LIT/UBS4) Pursue (diōkete) peace (eirēnēn) with (meta) all (pantōn), and (kai) the (ton) holiness (hagiasmon) [of him, v10, RE];


without (chōris) which (hou) [holiness, RE] absolutely not one (oudeis) shall cause himself to gaze at (opsetai) the (ton) Lord (kurion)!


(For who has gazed at, and who has not gazed at, the God the Father, see John 1:18, 5:37, 6:46, 14:7-11, 15:23-25, 20:28-29; 1 John 1:3, 4:20-21; 3 John 1:11)


Heb. 12:15 (LIT/UBS4) Be episcopating (episkopountes), [that, AE] not (mē) anyone (tis) is one lacking (husterōn) from (apo) the (tou) grace (charitos) of the (tou) God (theou);


[that, AE] not (mē) anyone (tis) [who is, AE] springing (phuousa) up high (anō) [a] root (rhiza) of bitterness (pikrias) may crowd [you, v7, RE] in1776 (enochlē), and (kai) many (polloi) may be contaminated (mianthōsin) through (di’) her (autēs);


Heb. 12:16 (LIT/UBS4) [that, AE] not (mē) anyone (tis) [may be] [a] fornicator (pornos), or (ē) over the threshold (bebēlos), as (hōs) Esau (Esau);


who (hos) instead (anti), for one (mias) [dish, AE] of food (brōseōs), he caused himself to give away (apedeto) the (ta) primogeniture (prōtotokia) of himself (heautou)!


(See Gen. 25:29-34)


Heb. 12:17 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) you have seen (iste) that (hoti) with [a] passing (metepeita) [of this, AE], he desiring (thelōn) also (kai) to inherit (klēronomēsai) the (tēn) eulogy (eulogian), he received disapproval (apedokimasthē) because (gar) he absolutely did not find (ouch heuren) [a] place (topon) of repentance (metanoias);


and so be it (kaiper) he having searched her out (ekzētēsas autēn) with (meta) tears (dakruōn)!


(See Gen. 27:30-38)


Heb. 12:18 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) you have absolutely not come to (ou proselēluthate) something being felt (psēlaphōmenō),


and (kai) to something having been burned (kekaumenō) [in, AE] fire (puri),


and (kai) to blackness (gnophō),


and (kai) to gloom (zophō),


and (kai) to [a] tempest (thuellē),  


(For the revealing by fire of those who are and who are not righteous, see Dan. 3; Mat. 3:10-12, 7:19, *13:24-51; Luke 3:9, 16-17, 12:49; John 15:6; Rom. 1:18; *1 Cor. 3:12-15; 2 Thes. 1:7-9; Heb. 10:26-29, 12:18; 1 Pet. 1:5-7; 2 Pet. 3:7-12; Jude 1:5-7; Rev. 8:5-11, 9:13-21; 14:18-20, 16:8-9, 17:16, *18:1-24, 20:7-15)


Heb. 12:19 (LIT/UBS4) and to [an] echo (ēchō) of [a] trumpet (salpingos),


and (kai) to [a] voice (phōnē) of statements (rhēmatōn),


which (hēs) the ones (hoi) having heard (akousantes), they requested for themselves to be pardoned (parētēsanto), [requesting, AE] not (mē) [a] word (logon) to be added to (prostethēnai) them (autois)!


Heb. 12:20 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar), they were absolutely not bringing (ouk epheron) the thing (to) being caused to be thoroughly arranged (diastellomenon)!


And if perhaps (kan) [a] wild animal (thērion) may touch (thigē) the (tou) mountain (orous), it shall be stoned (lithobolēthēsetai)!


(See Exod. 19:13)


Heb. 12:21 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) thusly (houtō) the one (to) being caused to fantasize (phantazomenon) was being (ēn) fearful (phoberon)


Moses (Mōusēs) enunciated (eipen), “I am (eimi) [a] feared-out one (ekphobos), and (kai) one in trembling (entromos)!”


(The writer of Hebrews seems to be quoting a passage from a book not contained in our present 66 books of the Bible.)


Heb. 12:22 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), you have come to (proselēluthate) [a] mountain (orei), to Zion (Siōn),


and (kai) to [the] city (polei) of [a] living (zōntos) God (theou), to heavenly (epouraniō) Jerusalem (Iierousalēm);


and (kai) to ten thousands (muriasin) of messengers (angelōn), to [an] all-marketplace gathering3831 (panēgurei);


Heb. 12:23 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) to [an] assembly (ekklēsia) of firstborn ones (prōtotokōn) having been registered583 (apogegrammenōn) in (en) to [the] heavens (ouranois);


and (kai) to [a] judge (kritē), God (theō) of all (pantōn);


and (kai) to spirits (pneumasi) of righteous ones (diakiōn) having been made complete (teteleiōmenōn);


(For who caused himself to become the firstborn son of God, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*13-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; John 1:26-34, 3:1-7; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10, 12:23; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7.)


Heb. 12:24 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) to [a] mediator (mesitē) of [a] young (neas) covenant (diathēkēs), to Jesus (Iēsou);


and (kai) to blood (haimati) of sprinkling (rhantismou), speaking (lalounti) of [a] stronger positioned (kreitton) [offering, AE] beside (para) the one (ton) of Abel (Habel)!


(For Cain and Abel's offerings, see Gen. 4:1-15)


(Is this posterity of Abraham, the posterity which God promised to Abraham, the ones out of it who shall believe God's Word as Abraham did, which ones the writer of Hebrews refers to as a "city", are they the new heavenly Jerusalem, the "city" of God? Mat. 5:14, 35; Gal. 4:25-26; Heb. 11:10-16, 12:22-24, 13:14; Rev. 3:12, 21:2-3, 10-27, 22:14, 19)


Heb. 12:25 (LIT/UBS4) Look (blepete), may you not request yourselves to be pardoned (mē paraitēsēsthe) [from, AE] the one (ton) speaking (lalounta)!


Because (gar) if (ei) those ones (ekeinoi) were absolutely not able to flee out (ouk exephugon) over (epi) land (gēs), ones having requested themselves to be pardoned (paraitēsamenoi) [from, AE] the one (ton) directing (chrēmatizonta) [them, AE], [how, AE] much (polu) more (mallon) [shall, AE] we (hēmeis) [absolutely not be able to flee out, RE], the ones (hoi) being turned away (apostrephomenoi) from (ap’) [the] heavens (ouranōn),


Heb. 12:26 (LIT/UBS4) the (hē) voice (phōnē) of whom (hou)  shook (esaleusen) the (tēn) land (gēn) then (tote)!?


(For what happened to those who rose up against God and Moses with unbelief in the wilderness, see Num. 16:1-35, 26:9-10; Deut. 11:6; Psalm 106:13-18)


But (de) now (nun) [God, v23, RE] has caused himself to promise (epēngeltai), saying (legōn), Once (hapax) yet (eti) I (egō) shall quake (seisō) absolutely not (ou) only (monon) the (tēn) land (gēn), BUT (alla), the (ton) heaven (ouranon) also (kai)!”


(See Hag. 2:6-7)


Heb. 12:27 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (to) [promise, v26, RE], Once (hapax) yet (eti), makes obvious (dēloi) the (tēn) transference (metathesin) of the things (tōn) being shaken (saleuomenōn) as (hōs) [being the things, RE] having been made (pepoiēmenōn), in order that (hina) the things (ta) not (mē) being shaken (saleuomena) may stay (meinē);


Heb. 12:28 (LIT/UBS4) through which (dio) we are receiving alongside (paralambanontes) [an] unshakable (asaleuton) Kingdom932 (basileian)!


May we have (echōmen) grace (charin), through (di’) [the sake, AE] of which (hēs) may we serve (latreuōmen) the (tō) God (theō) well agreeably (euarestōs), with (meta) welcoming2124 (eulabeias) and (kai) reverence (deous)!


Heb. 12:29 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) the (ho) God (theos) of us (hēmōn) [is] also (kai) [a] consuming (katanaliskon) fire (pur)


(See Rev. 20:9)