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Chapter 3


Update:  20201102


James 3:1 (LIT/UBS4) Do not cause yourselves to become (mē ginesthe) many (polloi) teachers (didaskaloi), brothers (adelphoi) of me (mou), you having seen (eidotes) that (hoti) we shall cause ourselves to receive (lēmpsometha) [a] greater (meizon) judicial decision (krima).


James 3:2 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) we all stumble (hapantes ptaiomen) much (polla)!  


If (ei) anyone (tis) absolutely does not stumble (ou ptaiei) in (en) [the] Word (logō), this one (houtos) [is] [a] complete (teleios) male (anēr), inherently powerful (dunatos) to bridle (chalinagōgēsai) the (to) whole (holon) body (sōma) also (kai)!


James 3:3 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) if (ei) we throw (ballomen) the (tous) bridle bits (chalinous) into (eis) the (ta) mouths (stomata) of the (tōn) horses (hippōn), into (eis) the (to) [persuasion, RE] of them (autous) to be persuaded (peithesthai) to us (hēmin), do we lead together with (metagomen) [us, AE] the (to) whole (holon) body (sōma) of them (autōn) also (kai)?


James 3:4 (LIT/UBS4) Behold (idou) the (ta) ships (ploia) also (kai), they being (onta) ones that-sized (tēlikauta), and (kai) they are ones being driven (elaunomena) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of hard (sklērōn) winds (anemōn).


[[A] ship, v3, RE]  is led (metagetai) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of [a] small-sized (elachistou) rudder (pēdaliou), to the (hē) course (hormē) of whichever (hopou) the one (tou) making [the course, RE] straight (euthunontos) causes himself to wish (bouletai)!


James 3:5 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) thusly (houtōs) the (hē) tongue (glōssa) is (estin) [a] small (mikron) member (melos), and (kai) it grows (auchei) great things (megala)


Behold (idou), what sized (hēlikon) fire (put) lights up (anaptei) what sized (hēlikēn) woodpile (hulēn),


James 3:6 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) the (hē) tongue (glōssa) [is] the (ho) fire (pur) of the (tēs) cosmos (kosmos) of the (tēs) unrighteousness (adikias)!


Among (en) the (tois) members (melesin) of us (hēmōn), the (hē) tongue (glōssa) is appointed (kathistatai) [to be] the one (hē) staining (spilousa) the (ho) whole (holon) body (sōma), and (kai) one setting on fire (phlogizousa) the (ton) wheel (trochon) of the (tēs) origin (geneseōs), and (kai) one being set on fire (phlogizomenē) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of the (tēs) Gehenna (geennēs)!


James 3:7 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) every (pasa) nature (phusis), of both (te) wild animals (thēriōn) and (kai) of flying animals (peteinōn), of both (te) crawling animals (herpetōn) and (kai) of salty sea animals (enaliōn), is tamed (damazetai)


And (kai) the (tē) nature (phusei) to the (tē) mortal (anthrōpinē) has been tamed (dedamastai).


James 3:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (tēn) tongue (glōssan), absolutely not one (oudeis) of mortals (anthrōpōn) can inherently power himself (dunatai) to tame (damasai) [it, AE]!  


[The tongue, RE] [is] [an] unstable (akatastaton) malicious thing (kakon) of mortals (anthrōpōn), full (mestē) of death-bringing (thanatēphorou) poison (iou).


James 3:9 (LIT/UBS4) In (en) her (autē) we eulogize (eulogoumen) the (ton) lord (kurion), and (kai) Father (patera).


And (kai) in (en) her (autē) we cause ourselves to curse (katarōmetha) the (tous) mortals (anthrōpous), the ones (tous) having become (gegonotas) down according to (kath') [a/the] likeness (homoiōsin) of God (theou)!


(See Gen. 1:26-27)


James 3:10 (LIT/UBS4) Out (ek) of the (tou) same (autou) mouth (stomatos) is caused to come out (exerchetai) eulogizing (eulogia) and (kai) cursing (katara)


It is absolutely not being needful (ou chrē), brothers (adelphoi) of me (mou), for these things (tauta) to cause themselves to come to pass (ginesthai) thusly (houtōs)!


James 3:11 (LIT/UBS4) Why not (mēti) <does> the (hē) fountain (pēgē) gush (bruei) out (ek) of the (tēs) same (autēs) opening (opēs) the (to) sweet (gluku) and (kai) the (to) bitter (pikron) [water, AE]?


James 3:12 (LIT/UBS4) Brothers (adelphoi) of me (mou), [a] fig tree (sukē) can not inherently power itself (mē dunatai) to make (poiēsai) olives (elaias), or (ē) [a] vine (ampelos) [to make, RE] figs (suka).


But absolutely neither (oute) <can> salty (halukon) [water, RE] [inherently power itself, RE] to make (poiēsai) sweet (gluku) water (hudōr)!


James 3:13 (LIT/UBS4) Who (tis) [is] [a] wise (sophos) and (kai) [an] upstanding one (epistēmōn) among (en) you (humin)?


Let him thoroughly show (deixatō), out (ek) of the (tēs) beautiful (kalēs) behavior (anastrophēs) [of him, RE], the (ta) works (erga) of him (autou), in (en) meekness (prautēti) of wisdom (sophias).


James 3:14 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) if (ei) you hold (echete) bitter (pikron) jealousy (zēlon) and (kai) intrigue (eritheian) in (en) the (tē) heart (kardia) of you (humōn), do not cause yourselves to boast (mē katakauchasthe), and (kai) do [not, RE] cause yourselves to be false ones (pseudesthe) down on account (kata) of the (tēs) Truth (alētheias)!


James 3:15 (LIT/UBS4) This (hautē) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) the (hē) wisdom (sophia) being caused to come down (katerchomenē) [from, AE] up above (anōthen), BUT (alla), [it, AE] [is] upon land (epigeios), soul-based (psuchikē), demon-like (daimoniōdēs)!


(For the soul-based, demon-like wisdom of mortalkind see 1 Cor. 2:13-14; *James 3:15; Jude 1:19; John 3:6; Rom. 8:5-8)


James 3:16 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) of where (hopou) [there, RE] [is] jealousy (zēlos) and (kai) intrigue (eritheia) there (ekei) [is] instability (akatastasia), and (kai) every (pan) worthless (phaulon) practical issue (pragma).


James 3:17 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hē) wisdom (sophia) [from, AE] up above (anōthen) is (estin) first (prōton) truly (men) innocent (hagnē);


thereupon (epeita) [it, AE] [is] peaceful (eirēnikē), gentle (epieikēs), well-persuasive (eupeithēs), full (mestē) of mercy (eleous) and (kai) of good (agathōn) produce (karpōn), unjudgemental (adiakritos), without acting (anupokritos)!


(For God boasting of his mercy see Hos. 6:6; Exod. 15:13, *25:21-22; Psalm 103:11, 17; Mat. 5:7, 9:13, 12:7, 23:23; Luke 1:50-54, 58, 72, 78; Rom. 9:15, 15:9; Eph. 2:4; Tit. 3:5; James 2:13, 3:17; 1 Pet. 1:3)


James 3:18 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [the] produce (karpos) of righteousness (dikaiosunēs) in (en) peace (eirēnē) is sown (speiretai) to the ones (tois) making (poiousin) peace (eirēnēn).