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Chapter 13


Update:  2024.05.04


John 13:1 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) before (pro) the (tēs) feast (heortēs) of the (tou) Passover (Pascha), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) having seen (eidōs) that (hoti) the (hē) hour (hōra) of him (autou) came (ēlthen) in order that (hina) he may move (metabē) out (ek) of this (toutou) cosmos (kosmou) to (pros) the (ton) Father (patera), he having loved (agapēsas) the ones (tous) of his own (idious) (the ones (tous) in (en) the (tō) cosmos (kosmō), he loved (ēgapēsen) them (autous) into (eis) [the] completion (telos)),


John 13:2 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) [the hour, v1, RE] of [a] dinner (deipnou) being caused to come to pass (ginomenou), the (tou) diabolical one (diabolou) having already thrown (ēdē beblēkotos) into (eis) the (tēn) heart (kardian) of Judas (Ioudas), of Simon (Simōnos) of Iscariot (Iskariōtou), in order that (hina) he may pass him aside (paradoi auton),


John 13:3 (LIT/UBS4) [the Jesus, v1, RE] having seen (eidōs) that (hoti) the (ho) Father (patēr) gave (edōken) to him (autō) all things (panta) into (eis) the (tas) hands (cheiras) [of him, RE], and (kai) that (hoti) he came out (exēlthen) from (apo) God (theou), and (kai) he gets underway (hupagei) to (pros) the (ton) God (theon)


(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)


John 13:4 (LIT/UBS4) he is awakened (egeiretai) out (ek) of the (tou) dinner (deipnou)!


And (kai) he puts (tithēsin) [aside, AE] the (ta) outer garments (himatia) [of him, AE].


And (kai) having taken (labōn) [a] linen towel (lention), he dressed himself thoroughly (diezōsen heauton).


John 13:5 (LIT/UBS4) Thereafter (eita) he throws (ballei) water (hudōr) into (eis) the (ton) wash pan (niptēra) and (kai) he caused himself to start (ērxato) to wash (niptein) the (tous) feet (podas) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn), and (kai) to knead [them, AE] out (ekmassein) [with, AE] the (tō) linen towel (lentiō) which (hō) was being (ēn) [there, AE], he having dressed himself thoroughly (diezōsmenos) [in it, AE].


John 13:6 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), he causes himself to come (erchetai) to (pros) Simon (Simōna) Peter (Petron).


[Simon Peter, RE] says (legei) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), do you (su) wash (nipteis) the (tous) feet (podas) of me (mou)!?”


John 13:7 (LIT/UBS4) Jesus (Iēsous) was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithē), and (kai) he enunciated (eipen) to him (autō), “What (ho) I (egō) do (poiō) you (su) have absolutely not seen (ouk oidas) at this time (arti)!  


But (de) you shall cause yourself to know (gnōsē) with (meta) [the passing, AE] of these things (tauta).”


John 13:8 (LIT/UBS4) Peter (Petros) says (legei) to him (autō), “No (mē), you may absolutely not wash (ou nipsēs) the (tous) feet (podas) of me (mou) into (eis) the (ton) age (aiōna)!” 


Jesus (Iēsous) was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithē) for him (autō), “If perhaps (ean) I may not wash (mē nipsō) you (se), you absolutely do not hold (ouk echeis) [a] part (meros) with (met’) me (emou)!”


John 13:9 (LIT/UBS4) Simon (Simōn) Peter (Petros) says (legei) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), [wash, v8, RE] not (mē) only (monon) the (tous) feet (podas) of me (mou), BUT (alla), the (tas) hands (cheiras) and (kai) the (tēn) head (kephalēn) also (kai)!”


John 13:10 (LIT/UBS4) The (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) says (legei) to him (autō), “The one (ho) having bathed himself (leloumenos) absolutely does not have (ouk echei) [a] need (chreian) if (ei) not (mē) to wash (nipsasthai) the (tous) feet (podas) [of himself, RE], BUT (all’), he is (estin) one wholly (holos) cleansed (katharos)!  


And (kai) you (humeis) are (este) cleansed ones (katharoi)


BUT (all’), absolutely not (ouchi) all (pantes)!”


John 13:11 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) he had seen (ēdei) the one (ton) passing him aside (paradidonta auton).  


Through (dia) [the sake, AE] of this (touto) he enunciated (eipen) that (hoti), “absolutely not (ouchi) all (pantes) are (este) cleansed ones (katharoi)!”


John 13:12 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), when (hote) he washed (enipsen) the (tous) feet (podas) of them (autōn), and (kai) took (elaben) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of him (autou) and (kai) fell up377 (anepesen) again (palin), he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “Do you know (ginōskete) what (ti) I have done (pepoiēka) to you (humin)?


John 13:13 (LIT/UBS4) You (humeis) voice (phōneite) to me (me), “the (ho) teacher (didaskalos)”, and (kai) “the (ho) lord (kurios)”; and (kai) you say (legete) ["teacher" and "lord", RE] beautifully (kalōs), because (gar) I am (eimi) [both, AE].


John 13:14 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), if (ei) I (egō), the (ho) lord (kurios) and (kai) the (ho) teacher (didaskalos), washed (enipsa) the (tous) feet (podas) of you (humōn), you (humeis) also (kai) owe (opheilete) to wash (niptein) the (tous) feet (podas) of one another (allēlōn).


John 13:15 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) I gave (edōka) to you (humin) [an] example (hupodeigma), in order that (hina) down according to as (kathōs) I (egō) did (epoiēsa) for you (humin), you (humeis) also (kai) may do (poiēte).


(For what is the scriptural definition of the meaning of, “being baptized in the name of…”, compare Mat. 28:19; John 5:37-43, 10:25, 13:6-15; Acts 4:7, 9:17-18, 19:5, 22:16; Rom. 1:1-6; Eph. 5:26; Titus 3:5; Rev. 1:5)


John 13:16 (LIT/UBS4) Truly (amēn), truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (humin), [a] slave (doulos) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) [a] greater one than (meizōn) the (tou) lord (kuriou) of him (autou)


But absolutely not (oude) [is] [an] apostle (apostolos) [a] greater one than (meizōn) the one (tou) having sent (pempsantos) him (auton)!


John 13:17 (LIT/UBS4) If (ei) you have seen (oidate) these things (tauta), you are (este) happy ones (makarioi) if perhaps (ean) you may do (poiēte) them (auta).


John 13:18 (LIT/UBS4) I absolutely do not speak (ou legō) about (peri) all (pantōn) of you (humōn)!  


I (egō) have seen (oida) [the] ones whom (tinas) I caused myself to call out (exelexamēn).


BUT (all’), [I called out one of you, v21, RE] in order that (hina) the (hē) writing (graphē) may be fulfilled (plērōthē), ‘The one (ho) gnawing (trōgōn) the (ton) bread (arton) of me (mou) lifted up (epēren) the (tēn) heel (pternan) of him (autou) over (ep’) me (eme)!’


(See Psalm 41:9)


John 13:19 (LIT/UBS4) I say (legō) to you (humin), of the one (tou) [gnawing the bread of me, v18, RE] before (pro) [the writing, v18, RE] [is] to cause itself to come to pass (genesthai), in order that (hina) when perhaps (hotan) it may cause itself to come to pass (genētai) you may believe (pisteusēte) that (hoti) I (egō) am (eimi) [the bread, v18, RE].


John 13:20 (LIT/UBS4) Truly (amēn), truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (humin), the one (ho) receiving (lambanōn) perhaps (an) anyone (tina) I may send (pempsō), receives (lambanei) me (eme)!  


But (de) the one (ho) receiving (lambanōn) me (eme) receives (lambanei) the one (ton) having sent (pempsanta) me (me)!”


John 13:21 (LIT/UBS4) Having enunciated (eipōn) these things (tauta), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) was troubled (etarachthē) for the (tō) Spirit (pneumati)


And (kai) he witnessed (emarturēsen), and (kai) he enunciated (eipen), “Truly (amēn), truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) one (heis) out (ex) of you (sou) shall pass me aside (paradōsei me)!”


John 13:22 (LIT/UBS4) The (hoi) disciples (mathētai) were looking (eblepon) into (eis) one another (allēlous), causing themselves to be perplexed (aporoumenoi) about (peri) of which one (tinos) he speaks (legei).


John 13:23 (LIT/UBS4) One (heis) out (ek) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn) of him (autou) was being (ēn) in (en) the (tō) bosom (kolpō) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou), whom (hom) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) was loving (ēgapa).


John 13:24 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), Simon (Simōn) Peter (Petros) nods (neuei) to this one (toutō) to cause himself to demand (puthesthai) perhaps (an) who (tis) he may be (eiē) of whom (hou) he speaks (legei).


John 13:25 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), that one (ekeinos) having fallen up377 (anapesōn) thusly (houtōs) upon (epi) the (to) breast (stēthos) of the (tou) Jesus (Iēsou), he says (legei) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), who (tis) is (estin) [the one, v21, RE]?”


John 13:26 (LIT/UBS4) The (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) is caused to make [a] decision (apokrinetai), “He is (estin) that one (ekeinos) for whom (hō) I (egō) shall dip (bapsō) the (to) morsel (psōmion) and (kai) I shall give (dōsō) [it, AE] to him (autō).”


Therefore (oun), having dipped (bapsas) the (to) morsel (psōmion), he takes (lambanei) [it, AE] and (kai) he gives (didōsin) [it, AE] to Judas (Iouda), of Simon (Simōnos) of Iscariot (Iskariōtou).


John 13:27 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) with (meta) [the passing, AE] of the (to) morsel (psōmion), then (tote) Satan (Satanas) entered in (eisēlthen) into (eis) that one (ekeinon).  


(For the devil, the *god of this cosmos, coming to steal, kill, and destroy the assembly (ekklēsia), the one body of Christ, and all mortalkind, to cause them to wander away from the one true God and his Word, see Mat. 6:13, 13:19; Mark 1:13a, 4:15, 13:5-6; Luke 13:16, 21:8, 22:3, 31; John 8:44, 10:10a, 13:27; Acts 5:3; 1 Cor. 7:5, 31b; 2 Cor. 2:11, *4:4, 11:13-15; Gal. 1:4; Eph. 4:11-14, 6:11-16; 1 Thes. 2:17-18; 2 Thes. 2:7-12; 1 Tim. 4:1-2, 5:13-15; 2 Tim. 3:13; 1 John 3:11-13, 4:1-6, 5:19; 2 John 1:7; Rev. 2:9, 12-15, 20, 12:7-17; 13:14, 18:21-23, 19:20, 20:3-10)


Therefore (oun), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) says (legei) to him (autō), “That which (ho) you do (poieis), do (poiēson) quickly (tachion).”


John 13:28 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) absolutely not one (oudeis) of the ones (tōn) causing themselves to lie up345 (anakeimenōn) knew (egnō) this (touto), for (pros) why (ti) he enunciated (eipen) [this, RE] to him (autō)!


John 13:29 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) some (tines) were concluding (edokoun), since (epei) Judas (Ioudas) was holding (eichen) the (to) tongue purse1101 (glōssokomon), that (hoti) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) says (legei) to him (autō), “Go to market to buy (agorason) things of which (hōn) we have (echomon) need (chreian), into (eis) the (tēn) feast (heortēn)”;


or, in order that (hina) he may give (dō) something (ti) to the (tois) poor ones (ptōchois).


(For who was to receive the collections, the gracious abundant sharings, like the collections from the believers in the area of Corinth, see what Christ Jesus and the apostles taught and preached, Mat. 19:20-21, 26:6-13; Mark 10:20-21, 14:3-9; Luke 4:18-19, *14:12-14, 21-22, 18:22, 19:8; John 12:3-8, 13:28-29; Acts 2:44-47; Rom. 15:26; 1 Cor. 13:3, 16:1-2; 2 Cor. 6:10, 8:9, 9:9; Gal. 2:10. )


John 13:30 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), that one (ekeinos) having received (labōn) the (to) morsel (psōmion), straightaway (euthus) he came out (exēlthen)


But (de) it was being (ēn) night (nux).


John 13:31 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), when (hote) he came out (exēlthen), Jesus (Iēsous) says (legei), “Now (nun) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) [is] glorified (edoxasthē), and (kai) the (ho) God (theos) [is] glorified (edoxasthē) in (en) him (autō).


John 13:32 (LIT/UBS4) If (ei) the (ho) God (theos) [is] glorified (edoxasthē) in (en) him (autō), the (ho) God (theos) shall glorify (doxasei) him (auton) also (kai), in (en) himself (autō);  


and (kai) straightaway (euthus) [the God, RE] shall glorify (doxasei) him (auton).


(See Mark 16:19; John 7:39, 13:32; Acts 2:33; Heb. 12:2; 1 Pet. 1:8)


John 13:33 (LIT/UBS4) Little born ones (teknia), for [a] little (mikron) [time, AE] I am (eimi) yet (eti) with (meth’) you (humōn).


You shall search (zētēsete) for me (me).  


And (kai) down according to as (kathōs) I enunciated (eipon) to the (tois) Judeans (Ioudaiois), 'of where (hopou) I (egō) get underway (hupagō) you (humeis) can absolutely not inherently power yourselves (ou dunasthe) to come (elthein)', I say (legō) to you (humin) also (kai), at this time (arti)!


John 13:34 (LIT/UBS4) [A] new (kainēn) injunction (entolēn) I give (didōmi) to you (humin), that (hina) you should love (agapate) one another (allēlous) down according to as (kathōs) I loved (ēgapēsa) you (humas);


that (hina) you (humeis) also (kai) should love (agapate) one another (allēlous)!


John 13:35 (LIT/UBS4) In (en) this (toutō) all (pantes) shall cause themselves to know (gnōsontai) that (hoti) you are (este) my (emoi) disciples (mathētai), if perhaps (ean) you may hold (echēte) love (agapēn) among (en) [yourselves, AE] for one another (allēlois)."


John 13:36 (LIT/UBS4) Simon (Simōn) Peter (Petros) says (legei) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), of where (pou) do you get underway (hupageis)?”


Jesus (Iēsous) was caused to make [a] decision (apekrithē) for him (autō), “Of where (hopou) I get underway (hupagō) you can absolutely not cause yourself to be inherently powered (ou dunasai) now (nun) to follow (akolouthēsai) me (moi)!  


But (de) you shall follow (akolouthēseis) [me, RE] later (husteron).”


John 13:37 (LIT/UBS4) The (ho) Peter (Petros) says (legei) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), through (dia) [the sake, AE] of what (ti) can I absolutely not inherently power myself (ou dunamai) at this time (arti) to follow (akolouthēsai) you (soi)!?


I shall place (thēsō) the (tēn) soul (psuchēn) of me (mou) over (huper) [the sake, AE] of you (sou).”


John 13:38 (LIT/UBS4) Jesus (Iēsous) is caused to make [a] decision (apokrinetai), “You shall put (thēseis) the (tēn) soul (psuchēn) of you (sou) over (huper) me (emou)


Truly (amēn), truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (soi), [a] rooster (alektōr) may no, absolutely not sound (mē ou phōnēsē) until (heōs) of which (hou) [sound, RE] you shall cause yourself to deny (arnēsē) me (me) three times (tris)!