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Chapter 19


Update:  2024.05.01


Luke 19:1 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) having entered in (eiselthōn), he was causing himself to come through (diērcheto) the (tēn) Jericho (Ierichō).


Luke 19:2 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) behold (idou), [there was, AE] [a] man (anēr) being called aloud (kaloumenos) Zacchaeus (Zakchaios) by name (onomati)!


And (kai) he (autos) was being (ēn) [a] chief termination-tax collector5057 (architelōnēs), and (kai) he (autos) [was being, RE] [a] wealthy one (plousios).


Luke 19:3 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he was searching (ezētei) to see (idein) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun), who (tis) he is (estin).


And (kai) he could absolutely not empower himself (ouk ēdunato) [to see, RE] from (apo) the (tou) crowd (ochlou), because (hoti) the (tē) stature (hēlikia) [of Zacchaeus, v2, RE] was being (ēn) [a] small one (mikros).


Luke 19:4 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having run before (prodramōn) [the Jesus, v3, RE] into (eis) the (to) front (emprosthen), he stepped up (anebē) upon (epi) [a] sycamine tree (sukomorean) in order that (hina) he might see (idē) him (auton), because (hoti) [the Jesus, v3, RE] was being about (ēmellen) to cause himself to come through (dierchesthai).


Luke 19:5 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) as (hōs) he came (ēlthen) upon (epi) the (ton) place (topon), having looked up (anablepsas) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) him (auton), “Zacchaeus, (Zakchaie), having made haste (speusas) step down (katabēthi).


Because (gar) today (sēmeron) it is necessary (dei) for me (me) to stay (meinai) in (en) the (tō) house (oikō) of you (sou)!”


Luke 19:6 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having made haste (speusas), he stepped down (katebē).


And (kai) he caused himself to receive (hupedexato) him (auton), rejoicing (chairōn).


Luke 19:7 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) all (pantes) having seen (idontes), they were murmuring through (diegongusan), saying (legontes) that (hoti), “Alongside (para) to [a] sinful (hamartōlō) male (andri) he entered in (eisēlthen) to relax (katalusai)!”


Luke 19:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) Zacchaeus (Zakchaios) having been caused to stand (statheis), he enunciated (eipen) to (pros) the (ton) lord (kurion), “Behold (idou), the (ta) half (hēmisia) of the (tōn) things being under control (huparchontōn) of me (mou), lord (kurie), I give (didōmi) to the (tois) poor ones (ptōchois)!


And (kai) if (ei) I fig informed4811 (esukophantēsa) someone (tinos) of anything (ti), I give away (apodidōmi) [to him, AE] four times more (tetraploun).”


(For who was to receive the collections, the gracious abundant sharings, like the collections from the believers in the area of Corinth, see what Christ Jesus and the apostles taught and preached, Mat. 19:20-21, 26:6-13; Mark 10:20-21, 14:3-9; Luke 4:18-19, *14:12-14, 21-22, 18:22, 19:8; John 12:3-8, 13:28-29; Acts 2:44-47; Rom. 15:26; 1 Cor. 13:3, 16:1-2; 2 Cor. 6:10, 8:9, 9:9; Gal. 2:10. )


Luke 19:9 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) him (auton) that (hoti), “Today (sēmeron) wholeness (sōtēria) caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) to the (tō) house (oikō), to this one (toutō), and (kai) down accordingly (kathoti), he (autos) also (kai) is (estin) [a] son (huios) of Abraham (Abraam).


Luke 19:10 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) came (ēlthen) to search for (zētēsai) and (kai) to make whole (sōsai) the one (to) having been lost (apolōlos).”


Luke 19:11 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of they (autōn) hearing (akouontōn) these things (tauta), he having added (prostheis) [to these things, RE], he enunciated (eipen) [a] parable (parabolēn) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the (to) Jerusalem (Hierousalēm) to be (einai) near (engus) him (auton), and (kai) of them (autous) to conclude (dokein) that (hoti) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tou) God (theou) particularly (parachrēma) <is> about ( mellei) to show up (anaphainesthai).


Luke 19:12 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), he enunciated (eipen), “[A] certain (tis) mortal (anthrōpos), [a] well-begun one (eugenēs), was caused to go (eporeuthē) into (eis) [a] far (makran) country (chōran) to receive (labein) for himself (heautō) [a] kingdom932 (basileian), and (kai) to return (hupostrepsai).


(For how near is the Kingdom of the Heavens, i.e., the Kingdom of God, see Mat. 3:2, 4:17, 6:10, 10:7, 26:29; Mark 1:15, 9:1, 11:10, 14:25, 43; Luke 10:9-11, *17:20-21, 19:12, 22:18, 47; 1 Cor. 6:12, 10:23, 11:25; Heb. 8:8, 9:15)


Luke 19:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having called aloud (kalesas) ten (deka) slaves (doulous) of himself (heautou), he gave (edōken) to them (autois) ten (deka) minas (mnas), and (kai) enunciated (eipen) to (pros) them (autous), “Cause yourselves to be practical (pragmateusasthe) in (en) [the time until, AE] which (ho) I cause myself to come (erchomai).”


Luke 19:14 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) citizens (politai) of him (autou) were despising (emisoun) him (auton).


And (kai) they sent (apesteilan) [a] senior representative (presbeian) behind (opisō) him (autou), saying (legontes), ‘We absolutely do not desire (ou thelomen) this one (touton) to be king (basileusai) over (eph’) us (hēmas)!’


Luke 19:15 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) it caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) in (en) the (tō) [time, AE] of him (auton) to come upon (epanelthein) [the citizens of him, v14, RE], he having received (labonta) the (tēn) kingdom932 (basileian), he enunciated (eipen) also (kai) for the (tous) slaves (doulous) to be sounded for (phōnēthēnai) for him (autō), for these (toutous) to whom (hois) he had given (dedōkei) the (to) silver (argurion), in order that (hina) he may know (gnoi) what (ti) [they worked toward, v16, RE] through causing themselves to stay busy (diepragmateusanto).


Luke 19:16 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) first one (prōtos) caused himself to come (paregeneto), saying (legōn), ‘Lord (kurie), the (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou) caused itself to work for itself (prosērgasato), for ten (deka) minas (mnas)!’


Luke 19:17 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he enunciated (eipen) to him (autō), ‘Well done (euge), good (agathe) slave (doule)!


Because (hoti) in (en) [a] least thing (elachistō) you caused yourself to become (egenou) [a] believable one (pistos), be (isthi) one having (echōn) authority (exousian) over (epanō) ten (deka) cities (poleōn)!'


Luke 19:18 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) second (deuteros) came (ēlthen), saying (legōn), ‘The (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou), lord (kurie), made (epoiēsen) five (pente) minas (mnas)!’


Luke 19:19 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) he enunciated (eipen) to this one (toutō) also (kai), ‘You (su) also (kai), you cause yourself to become (ginou) over (epanō) five (pente) cities (poleōn)!’


Luke 19:20 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) other one (heteros) came (ēlthen), saying (legōn), ‘Lord (kurie), behold (idou), [here is, AE] the (hē) mina (mna) of you (sou) which (hēn) I was holding (eichon), having caused myself to lay it away (apokeimenēn) in (en) [a] sweat cloth (soudariō)!


Luke 19:21 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) I was being made fearful (ephoboumēn) of you (se), because (hoti) you are (ei) [an] austere (austēros) mortal (anthrōpos);


you steal (aireis) that which (ho) you absolutely did not put in place (ouk ethēkas), and (kai) you harvest (therizeis) that which (ho) you absolutely did not sow (ouk espeiras)!’


Luke 19:22 (LIT/UBS4) He says (legei) to him (autō), ‘Out (ek) of the (tou) mouth (stomatos) of you (sou) I shall judge (krinō) you (se), evil (ponēre) slave (doule)!


You had seen (ēdeis) that (hoti) I (egō) was (eimi) [an] austere (austēros) mortal (anthrōpos), stealing (airōn) that which (ho) I absolutely did not put in place (ouk ethēka), and (kai) harvesting (therizōn) that which (ho) I absolutely did not sow (ouk espeira)!


Luke 19:23 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) through (dia) what (ti) [reason, AE] did you absolutely not give (ouk edōkas) the (to) silver (argurion) of me (mou) over (epi) [a] [money changer’s, AE] table (trapezan)!?


And I (kagō) having come (elthōn), perhaps (an) I would have habitually practiced (epraxa) it (auto) with (sun) interest (tokō)!?


Luke 19:24 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) to the ones (tois) having stood alongside (parestōsin) he enunciated (eipen), ‘Remove (arate) from (ap’) him (autou) the (tēn) mina (mnan), and (kai) give (dote) [it, AE] to the one (tō) having (echonti) the (tas) ten (deka) minas (mnas).”


Luke 19:25 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they enunciated (eipan) to him (autō), ‘Lord (kurie), he has (echei) ten (deka) minas (mnas)!’


Luke 19:26 (LIT/UBS4) I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) to everyone (panti), to the one (tō) having (echonti) [more, AE], [more, AE]shall be given (dothēsetai).


But (de) from (apo) the one (tou) not (mē) having (echontos) [more, AE], what (ho) he has (echei) shall be removed (arthēsetai) also (kai).


Luke 19:27 (LIT/UBS4) Moreover (plēn), the ones (tous) hated (echthrous) of me (mou), the ones (tous) having desired (thelēsantas) me (me) not (mē) to be king (basileusai) over (ep’) them (autous), lead (agagete) them (autous) here (hodē), and (kai) slaughter them down (katasphaxate autous) in front (emprosthen) of me (mou)!”


(For slaves having highly esteemed value, see Mat. 10:25, 20:25-28, 24:45-47, 25:14-30; Mark 10:42-45; Luke 7:2-10, 12:37-38, 42-44, 19:12-27; John 15:15-16; Acts 2:18; 1 Tim. 6:1; 2 Tim. 2:24.)


Luke 19:28 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having enunciated (eipōn) these things (tauta), he was causing himself to go (eporeueto) in front (emprosthen), stepping up (anabainōn) into (eis) Jerusalem (Ierosoluma).


Luke 19:29 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) it caused itself to come to pass (egeneto) as (hōs) he came near1448 (ēngisen) into (eis) Bethphage (Bēthphagē) and (kai) Bethany (Bēthania), to (pros) the (to) mountain (oros), the one (to) being called aloud (kaloumenon) [Mount, RE] of Olives (elaiōn), he sent (apesteilen) two (duo) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn),


Luke 19:30 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legōn), “Get underway (hupagete) into (eis) the (tēn) village (kōmēn) down opposite in front (katenanti) [of you, AE];


in (en) which (hē) causing yourselves to enter in (eisporeuomenoi) you shall find (heurēsete) [a] foal (pōlon) having been bound (dedemenon), upon (eph’) which (hon) absolutely not one (oudeis) of mortals (anthrōpōn) has sat down (ekathisen), ever at any time (pōpote)!


And (kai) you having let it loose (lusantes auton), lead (agagete) [it to me, AE].


Luke 19:31 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) if perhaps (ean) someone (tis) may inquire (erōta) of you (humas), ‘Through (dia) what (ti) [reason, AE] do you loosen (luete) [the foal, v30, RE]?’ you shall state (ereite) thusly (houtōs), that (hoti), ‘The (ho) lord (kurios) has (echei) [a] need (chreian) of it (autou).’”


Luke 19:32 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they having gone away (apelthontes), the ones (hoi) having been sent (apestalmenoi), they found (heuron) [[a] foal, v30, RE] down as (kathōs) he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois).


Luke 19:33 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of them (autōn) loosening (luontōn) the (ton) foal (pōlon), the (hoi) lords (kurioi) of it (autou) enunciated (eipan) to (pros) them (autous), “Why (ti) do you loosen (luete) the (ton) foal (pōlon)?’


Luke 19:34 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hoi) [disciples, v29, RE] enunciated (eipan), that (hoti), “The (ho) lord (kurios) has (echei) [a] need (chreian) of it (autou).”


Luke 19:35 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they led (ēgagon) it (auton) to (pros) the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun).


And (kai) they having flung (epiripsantes) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of them (autōn) over (epi) the (ton) foal (pōlon), they mounted upon (epebibasan) [it, AE] the (ton) Jesus (Iēsoun.


Luke 19:36 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of him (autou) causing himself to go (poreuomenou), they were strewing (hupestrōnnuon) the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of them (autōn) in (en) the (tē) way (hodō).


Luke 19:37 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of him (autou) coming near1448 (eggizontos) already (ēdē) to (pros) the (tē) [Jerusalem, v28, RE] for stepping down (katabasei) from the (tou) Mount (orous) of the (tou) Olives (elaiōn), absolutely all (hapan) the (to) plethora (plēthos) of the (tōn) disciples (mathētōn) caused themselves to start (ērxanto) rejoicing (chairontes), to praise (ainein) the (ton) God (theon) [with, AE] [a] great (megalē) voice (phōnē) about (peri) all (pasōn) [the] works of inherent power (dunameōn) which (hōn) they saw (eidon),


Luke 19:38 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legontes), “He having been eulogized (eulogēmenos) [is] the (ho) king (basileus), the one (ho) causing himself to come (erchomenos) in (en) [the] name (onomati) of [the] Lord (kuriou, YHWH)


Peace (eirēnē) in (en) heaven (ouranō), and (kai) glory (doxa) in (en) to [the] highest places (hupsistois)!”


(See Psalm 118:26)


Luke 19:39 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) some (tines) of the (tōn) Pharisees (Pharisaiōn) from (apo) the (tou) crowd (ochlou) enunciated (eipan) to (pros) him (auton), “Teacher (didaskale), epitomize (epitimēson) the (tois) disciples (mathētais) of you (sou)!”


Luke 19:40 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen), “I say (legō) to you (humin), if perhaps (ean) these ones (houtoi) shall be silent (siōpēsousin), the (hoi) stones (lithoi) shall cry (kraxousin)!”


Luke 19:41 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) as (hōs) he came near1448 (ēngisen), he having seen (idōn) the (tēn) city (polin), he wept (eklausen) over (ep’) her (autēn),


Luke 19:42 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legōn) that (hoti), “If (ei) you (su) also (kai) knew (egnōs) in (en) the (tē) day (hēmera), this one (tautē), the things (ta) for (pros) peace (eirēnēn) …!


But (de) for now (nun) it was hidden (ekrubē) from (apo) [the] eyes (ophthalmōn) of you (sou)!


Luke 19:43 (LIT/UBS4) Because (hoti) days (hēmerai) shall arrive (hēxousin) upon (epi) you (se), and (kai) the (hoi) hated ones (echthroi) of you (sou) shall throw around (parembalousin) you (soi) [a] barricade (charaka).


And (kai) they shall circle around (perikuklōsousin) you (se), and (kai) they shall hold you together (sunexousin se) from every side (pantothen).


Luke 19:44 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they shall flatten (edaphiousin) you (se), and (kai) the (ta) ones born (tekna) of you (sou) among (en) you (soi).


And (kai) they shall absolutely not leave (ouk aphēsousin) [a] stone (lithon) upon (epi) [a] stone (lithon) among (en) you (soi);


on account (anth’) of which (hōn) you absolutely did not know (ouk egnōs) the (ton) time (kairon) of the (tēs) episcopacy (episkopēs) of you (sou)!”


Luke 19:45 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having entered in (eiselthōn) into (eis) the (to) sacred place (hieron), he caused himself to start (ērxato) to throw out (ekballein) the ones (tous) selling (pōlountas),


Luke 19:46 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legōn) to them (autois), “It is written (gegraptai), ‘And (kai) the (ho) house (oikos) of me (mou) shall be (estai) [a] house (oikos) of prayer of well-thankfulness to4335 (proseuchēs) [me, RE].’


But (de) you (humeis) made (epoiēsate) it (auton) [a] cave (spēlaion) of robbers (lēstōn)!”


(See Isa. 56:7; Jer. 7:11)


1Luke 9:47 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he was being (ēn) one teaching (didaskōn) the (to) [city, v41, RE] down (kath’) [each, AE] day (hēmeran) in (en) the (tō) sacred place (heirō).


But (de) the (hoi) chief sacrificial priests (archiereis) and (kai) the (hoi) writers (grammateis), and (kai) the (hoi) first ones (prōtoi) of the (tou) people (laou), were searching (ezētoun) [for a time, AE] to destroy (apolesai) him (auton),


Luke 19:48 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) they were absolutely not finding (ouch heuriskon) the (to) [time, AE] for what (ti) they might do (poiēsōsin);


because (gar) absolutely all (hapas) the (ho) people (laos) caused themselves to hang out (exekremato) hearing (akouōn) him (autou)!