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Chapter 17


Update:  2024.02.03


Mat. 17:1 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) with (meth’) [the passing, AE] of six (hex) days (hēmeras) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) takes along (paralambanei) the (ton) Peter (Petron), and (kai) James (Iakōbon), and (kai) John (Iōannēn) the (ton) brother (adelphon) of him (autou), and (kai) he brings them up (anapherei autous) into (eis) [a] high (hupsēlon) mountain (oros) down on (kat’) her own (idian).


Mat. 17:2 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he was metamorphosed (metemorphōthē) in front (emprosthen) of them (autōn).


And (kai) the (to) face (prosōpon) of him (autou) shined (elampsen) as (hōs) the (ho) sun (hēlios).


But (de) <he caused> the (ta) outer garments (himatia) of him (autou) to become (egeneto) white (leuka) as (hōs) the (to) light (phōs).


Mat. 17:3 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) behold (idou), Moses (Mōusēs) was gazed at (ōphthē) [by, AE] them (autois), and (kai) Elijah (Hlias), ones speaking together (sullalountes) with (met’) him (autou)!


(For those whose “eye” “sees the light”, i.e., the knowledge and spiritual understanding of the Word of the God, and who become so wholly full of “light” that subsequently their physical body becomes illuminated as starlight, see Mat. 17:1-3, 24:27, 28:1-3; Mark 9:1-3; *Luke 11:34-36, 17:22-24; Rom. 12:2; 2 Cor. 3:18. Many references can be found also through searching on light (phos), glory (doxa), illuminated (phōtizō), [an] illuminated one (phōteinos), lamp (luchnos), etc.)


Mat. 17:4 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), the (ho) Peter (Petros) enunciated (eipen) to the (tō) Jesus (Iēsou), “Lord (kurie), it is (estin) beautiful (kalon) for us (hēmas) to be (einai) here (hōde)


If (ei) you desire (theleis) I shall make (poiēsō) here (hōde) three (treis) tents (skēnas);


one (mian) for you (soi), and (kai) one (mian) for Moses (Mōusei), and (kai) one (mian) for Elijah (Hlia).”


Mat. 17:5 (LIT/UBS4) Yet while (eti) he is speaking (lalountos), behold (idou), [an] illuminated (phōteinē) cloud (nephelē) overshadowed (epeskiasen) them (autous)!


And (kai) behold (idou), [a] voice (phōnē) out (ek) of the (tēs) cloud (nephelēs), saying (legousa), “This one (houtos) is (estin) the (ho) son (huios) of me (mou), the (ho) beloved one (agapētos), in (en) whom (hō) I well-approved (eudokēsa)


Hear (akouete) him (autou)!”


(For who caused himself to become the firstborn son of God, see 2 Sam. 7:14; Psalm 2:7; Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 11:20; Mat. 3:*13-17, 17:5; Mark 1:9-*11, 9:*7; Luke 3:*21-*22; John 1:26-34, 3:1-7; Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:*5, 5:*5, 8:*10, 12:23; 2 Pet. 1:*16-18; Rev. 21:*3, *7.)


Mat. 17:6 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they having heard (akousantes), the (hoi) disciples (mathētai) fell4098 (epesan) upon (epi) [the] face (prosōpon) of them (autōn), and (kai) they were extremely caused to be in fear (ephobēthēsan sphodra).


Mat. 17:7 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) came to (prosēlthen) [the disciples, v6, RE], and (kai) having caused himself to take hold (hapsamenos) of them (autōn) he enunciated (eipen), “Be awoken (egerthēte), and (kai) do not be made fearful (mē phobeisthe).”


Mat. 17:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) they having lifted up (eparantes) the (tous) eyes (ophthalmous) of them (autōn), absolutely not one (oudena) [of the disciples, v6, RE] saw (eidon) [Moses and Elijah, v4, RE], if (ei) not (mē) Jesus (Iēsoun) himself (auton) alone (monon)!


Mat. 17:9 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) of them (autōn) stepping down (katabainontōn) out (ek) of the (tou) mountain (orous), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) caused himself to give [an] injunction (eneteilato) to them (autois), saying (legōn), “You may enunciate (eipēte) the (to) vision (horama) to not one (mēdeni), until (heōs) of which (hou) [time, AE] the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) may be awoken (egerthē) out (ek) of dead ones (nekrōn).


(For lord of glory coming in the glory of the Father of him, see Mat. 16:27-7:9; 1 Cor. 2:6-8)


Mat. 17:10 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hoi) disciples (mathētai) inquired (epērōtēsan) of him (auton), saying (legontes), “Therefore (oun), why (ti) <do> the (hoi) writers (grammateis) say (legousin) that (hoti) it is required (dei) for Elijah (Hlian) to come (elthein) first (prōton)?”


Mat. 17:11 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [Jesus, v9, RE] having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen), “Truly (men), Elijah (Hlias) causes himself to come (erchetai)


And (kai) he shall restore (apokatastēsei) all things (panta).


Mat. 17:12 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) I say (legō) to you (humin), that (hoti) Elijah (Hlias) already (ēdē) came (ēlthen), and (kai) they absolutely did not experientially know (ouk epegnōsan) him (auton)!


BUT (alla), they did (epoiēsan) in (en) him (autō) as many things as (hosa) they desired (ēthelēsan)!


Thusly (houtōs) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) also (kai) is about (mellei) to suffer (paschein) under (hup’) [authority, AE] of them (autōn).”


Mat. 17:13 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) the (hoi) disciples (mathētai) put [Jesus' words, AE] together (sunēkan) that (hoti) he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois) about (peri) John (Iōannou), the (tou) Baptist (baptistou).


Mat. 17:14 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they having come (elthontōn) to (pros) the (ton) crowd (ochlon), [a] mortal (anthrōpos) came to (prosēlthen) him (autō), falling upon the knees1120 (gonupetōn) of him (auton) and (kai) saying (legōn),


Mat. 17:15 (LIT/UBS4) “Lord (kurie), have mercy (eleēson) for the (ton) son (huion) of me (mou), because (hoti) he is moon-exercised (selēniazetai), and (kai) he suffers maliciously (paschei (kakōs).


Because (gar) many times (pollakis) he falls (piptei) into (eis) the (to) fire (pur), and (kai) many times (pollakis) into (eis) the (to) water (hudōr).


Mat. 17:16 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) I brought (prosēnenka) him (auton) to the (tois) disciples (mathētais) of you (sou), and (kai) they were absolutely not inherently powered (ouk ēdunēthēsan) to give therapy (therapeusai) for him (auton)!”


1Mat. 7:17 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen), “Oh (ō) unbelieving (apistos) and (kai) thoroughly twisted (diestrammenē) generation (genea), until (hēos) when (pote) shall I cause myself to be (esomai) together with (meth) you (humōn)!?


Until (hēos) when (pote) shall I cause myself to hold you up (anexomai humōn)!?  


Bring (pherete) him (auton) here (hōde) to me (moi).”


Mat. 17:18 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) epitomized (epetimēsen) him (autō), and (kai) the (ho) little demon (daimonion) came out (exēlthen) from (ap’) him (autou).  


And (kai) the (ho) child (pais) was given therapy (etherapeuthē) from (apo) the (tēs) hour (hōras) of that (ekeinēs).


Mat. 17:19 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) the (hoi) disciples (mathētai), they having come to (proselthontes) the (tō) Jesus (Iēsou) down on (kat’) his own (idian), enunciated (eipon), “Through (dia) [the sake, AE] of what (ti) were we absolutely not inherently powered (hēmeis ouk ēdunēthēmen) to throw it out (ekbalein auto)!?”


Mat. 17:20 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [Jesus, v18, RE] says (legei) to them (autois), “Through (dia) the (tēn) little belief (oligopistian) of you (humōn).


Because (gar), truly (amēn) I say (legō) to you (humin), if perhaps (ean) you may hold (echēte) belief (pistin) as (hōs) [a] kernel (kakkon) of [a] mustard tree (sinapeōs), you shall state (ereite) to the (tō) mountain (orei), to this (toutō) [mountain, RE], ‘Move (metaba) within (enthen) there (ekei)’, and (kai) it shall cause itself to move (metabēsetai)!


And (kai) absolutely not one (ouden) [word, AE] shall be inherently unpowered (adunatēsei) to you (humin)!


Mat. 17:21 (LIT/UBS4) (Most textual critics agree that verse 21 is not authentic to this writer.)


Mat. 17:22 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of them (autōn) being turned together (sustrephomenōn) in (en) to the (tē) Galilee (Galilaia), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen) to them (autois), “The (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) is about (mellei) to be passed aside (paradidosthai) into (eis) hands (cheiras) of mortals (anthrōpōn).


Mat. 17:23 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they shall kill (apoktenousin) him (auton).


And (kai) the (tē) third (tritē) day (hēmera) he shall be awakened (egerthēsetai).”  


And (kai) they were extremely grieved (elupēthēsan sphodra).


(For Jesus standing up on the third day, see Psa. 16:10; Mat. 16:21, 17:23, 20:18-19, 27:62-63; Mark 8:31, 9:31, 10:32-34; *Luke 9:22, 18:31-34, 24:1-8, 44-46; John 20:9; Acts 10:40; 1 Cor. 15:4)


Mat. 17:24 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of them (autōn) having come (elthontōn) into (eis) Capernaum (Kapharnaoum), the ones (hoi) receiving (lambanontes) the (ta) double drachma (didrachma) came to (prosēlthon) the (tō) Peter (Petrō), and (kai) they enunciated (eipan), “The (ho) teacher (didaskalos) of you (humōn), does he absolutely not pay [a] termination tax5055 (ou telei), the (ta) double drachma (didrachma)?”


Mat. 17:25 (LIT/UBS4) He says (legei), “Yes (nai).”


And (kai) having come (elthonta) into (eis) the (tēn) house (oikian), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) came sooner toward (proephthasen) him (auton), saying (legōn), “What (ti) do you conclude (soi dokei), Simon (Simōn)?


The (hoi) kings (basileis) of the (tēs) land (gēs), from (apo) whom (tinōn) do they receive (lambanousin) termination taxes5555 (telē), or (ē) [a] census2778 (kēnson):


from (apo) the (tōn) sons (huiōn) of them (autōn), or (ē) from (apo) the (tōn) [sons, RE] of others (allotriōn)?”


(For termination tax see Mat. 17:24-27; Rom. 6:12-23, 10:1-10, 13:1-11)


Mat. 17:26 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) he having enunciated (eipontos), “From (apo) the ones (tōn) of others (allotriōn)”, the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) shed light5346 (ephē) to him (autō), “Then (ara) indeed (ge) the (hoi) sons (huioi) are (eisin) free ones (eleutheroi)!


Mat. 17:27 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) in order that (hina) we may not scandalize (mē skandalisōmen) them (autous), you having been caused to go (poreutheis) into (eis) [the] sea (thalassan), throw (bale) [a] hook (agkistron) and (kai) lift (aron) the (ton) fish (ichthun) having come up (anabanta) first (prōton).


And (kai) having opened up (anoixas) the (to) mouth (stoma) of it (autou) you shall find (heurēseis) [a] stater (statēra).


Having taken (labōn) that (ekeinon), give (dos) [[the] stater, RE] to them (autois) for me (emou) and (kai) you (sou), instead (anti) [of the double drachma, v24, RE].”


(A stater had twice the value of a double drachma.)


(In this passage, Mat. 17:24-27, Jesus gives us an example of how our heavenly Father shall be our sufficiency for us in all things we may need, while yet we appear to be living in the supposed kingdoms of others. Our heavenly Father remains our sufficiency as long as in our hearts/minds we “live” in the Kingdom of the God (Luke 17:21), i.e., knowing and believing all new covenant things, especially his great and precious promises for us (2 Pet. 1:4), his children, according to his riches in glory to us under his new covenant (Phil. 4:19)!  In Jesus’ narrative he is giving his soul life for us so that we can live in the Kingdom of the God! Unless the penalty for our sin can be eliminated in our lives daily, day by day, it would be impossible for us to live now in the Kingdom of the God!)