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Chapter 20


Update:  2024.01.11


Mat. 20:1 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) [a] mortal (anthrōpō), [a] house master (oikodespotē), is (estin) one like (homoia) the (hē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of the (tōn) Heavens (ouranōn);


one who (hostis) came out (exēlthen) at the same time (hama) early (prōi) to hire for himself (misthōsasthai) workers (ergatas) into (eis) the (ton) vineyard (ampelōna) of him (autou).


Mat. 20:2 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having symphonized together (sumphōnēsas) with (meta) the (tōn) workers (ergatōn) [to be] out (ek) for the (tēn) day (hēmeran) for [a] denarius (dēnariou), he sent (apesteilen) them (autous) into (eis) the (ton) vineyard (ampelōna) of him (autou).


Mat. 20:3 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he having come out (exelthōn) around (peri) [the] third (tritēn) hour (hōran), he saw (eiden) others (allous), non-working ones (argous), they having stood (hestōtas) in (en) the (tē) marketplace (agora).


Mat. 20:4 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) to those (ekeinois) he enunciated (eipen), ‘You (humeis) also (kai) get underway (hupagete) into (eis) the (ton) vineyard (ampelōna), and (kai) I shall give (dōsō) to you (humin) if perhaps (ean) whatever (ho) may be (ē) right (dikaion).’ 


But (de) the ones (hoi) went way (apelthon).


Mat. 20:5 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) again (palin) he having come out (exelthōn) around (peri) [the] sixth (hektēn) and (kai) [the] ninth (enatēn) hour (hōran), he did (epoiēsen) in the same manner (hōsautōs).


Mat. 20:6 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) he having come out (exelthōn) around (peri) the (tēn) eleventh (hendekatēn) [hour, v5, RE], he found (heuren) others (allous) having stood (hestōtas).


And (kai) he says (legei) to them (autois), ‘What (ti), have you stood (hestēkate) here (hōde) the (tēn) whole (holēn) day (hēmeran) [being] non-working ones (argoi)!?’


Mat. 20:7 (LIT/UBS4) They say (legousin) to him (autō) that (hoti), ‘Absolutely not one (oudeis) has caused himself to hire (emisthōsato) us (hēmas)!’ 


He says (legei) to them (autois), ‘You (humeis) also (kai) get underway (hupagete) into (eis) the (ton) vineyard (ampelōna).'


Mat. 20:8 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) evening (opsias) having caused itself to come (genomenēs), the (ho) lord (kurios) of the (tou) vineyard (ampelōnos) says (legei) to the (tō) guide over the way (epitropō) of him (autou), ‘Call aloud (kaleson) the (tous) workers (ergatas), and (kai) give away (apodos) to them (autois) the (ton) wage (misthon), having caused yourself to start (arxamenos) from (apo) the (tōn) last ones (eschatōn) until (heōs) the (tōn) first ones (prōtōn).’


Mat. 20:9 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the ones (hoi) having come (elthontes) around (peri) the (tēn) eleventh (hendekatēn) hour (hōran), they picked (elabon) up (ana) [a] denarius (dēnariōn).


Mat. 20:10 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hoi) first ones (prōtoi) having come (elthontes), they decided (enomisan) that (hoti) they shall cause themselves to receive (lēmpsontai) more (pleion), and (kai) they (autoi) picked (elabon) up (ana) the (to) denarius (dēnariōn) also (kai).


Mat. 20:11 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having received (labontes) [the denarius, v10, RE] they were murmuring (egonguzon) down against (kata) the (tou) house master (oikodespotou),


Mat. 20:12 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legontes), ‘These ones (houtoi), the ones (hoi) [being] last ones (eschatoi), did (epoiēsan) one (mian) hour (hōran), and (kai) you made (epoiēsas) them (autous) equal (isous) to us (hēmin), the ones (tois) having carried (bastasasi) the (to) weight (baros) of the (tēs) day (hēmeras), and (kai) the (ton) burning heat (kausōna)!’


Mat. 20:13 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [house master, v11, RE] having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), he enunciated (eipen) to one (heni) of them (autōn), ‘Fellow worker (hetaire), I absolutely do not do unrighteousness (ouk adikō)!


Did you absolutely not symphonize together with (ouchi sunephōnēsas) me (moi) for [a] denarius (dēnariou)!?


Mat. 20:14 (LIT/UBS4) Remove (aron) the (to) [denarius, v13, RE] of you (son) and (kai) get underway (hupage)


But (de) I desire (thelō) to give (dounai) this (toutō) to the (tō) last one (eschatō) as (hōs) to you (soi) also (kai)!


Mat. 20:15 (LIT/UBS4) Or (ē) is it absolutely not being outside1832 (ouk exestin) [of the law, AE] for me (moi) to do (poiēsai) what (ho) I desire (thelō) among (en) the things (tois) [being] mine (emois)!?


Or (ē) is (estin) the (ho) eye (ophthalmos) of you (sou) [an] evil one (ponēros), because (hoti) I (egō) am (eimi) [a] good one (agathos)?’


Mat. 20:16 (LIT/UBS4) Thusly (houtōs) the (hoi) last ones2078 (eschatoi) shall cause themselves to be (esontai) first ones4413 (prōtoi), and (kai) the (hoi) first ones4413 (prōtoi) [shall cause themselves to be, RE] last ones2078 (eschatoi)!


Mat. 20:17 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) walking up (anabainōn) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma), he took along (parelaben) the (tous) twelve (dōdeka) disciples (mathētas) down on (kat’) his own (idian), and (kai) in (en) the (tē) way (hodō) he enunciated (eipen) to them (autois),


Mat. 20:18 (LIT/UBS4) “Behold (idou), we walk up (anabainomen) into (eis) Jerusalem (Hierosoluma)!


And (kai) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) shall be passed aside (paradothēsetai) to the (tois) chief sacrificial priests (archiereusin), and (kai) writers (grammateusin), and (kai) they shall condemn (katakrinousin) him (auton) to death (thanatō)!


Mat. 20:19 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) they shall pass him aside (paradōsousin auton) to the (tois) ethnic groups (ethnesin);


into (eis) the (to) [hands of them, Mat. 26:45, RE,] to be put into [a] child’s role (empaixai), and (kai) to be scourged (mastigōsai), and (kai) to be staked (staurōsai).


And (kai) the (tē) third (tritē) day (hēmera) he shall be awakened (egerthēsetai).”


(For Jesus standing up on the third day, see Psa. 16:10; Mat. 16:21, 17:23, 20:18-19, 27:62-63; Mark 8:31, 9:31, 10:32-34; *Luke 9:22, 18:31-34, 24:1-8, 44-46; John 20:9; Acts 10:40; 1 Cor. 15:4)


Mat. 20:20 (LIT/UBS4) Then (tote) the (hē) mother (mētēr) of the (tōn) sons (huiōn) of Zebedee (Zebedaiou), with (meta) the (tōn) sons (huiōn) of her (autēs), came to (prosēlthen) him (autō), bowing to4352 (proskunousa) [him, RE] and (kai) requesting (aitousa) something (ti) from (ap’) him (autou).


Mat. 20:21 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) [the Jesus, v17, RE] enunciated (eipen) to her (autē), "What (ti) do you desire (theleis)?"


She says (legei) to him (autō), "Enunciate (eipe) in order that (hina) these ones (houtoi), the (hoi) two (duo) sons (huioi) of me (mou), may sit down (kathisōsin), one (heis) out (ek) right (dexiōn) of you (sou), and (kai) one (heis) out (ex) left (euōnumōn) of you (sou), in (en) the (tē) Kingdom932 (basileia) of you (sou)."


Mat. 20:22 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) having been caused to make [a] decision (apokritheis), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) enunciated (eipen), “You have absolutely not seen (ouk oidate) what (ti) you request for yourselves (aiteisthe)!


Can you inherently power yourselves (dunasthe) to drink (peien) the (to) cup (potērion) which (ho) I (egō) am about (mellō) to drink (pinein)?”


They say (legousin) to him (autō), “We can inherently power ourselves (dunametha).”


Mat. 20:23 (LIT/UBS4) He says (legei) to them (autois), “Truly (men), you shall cause yourselves to drink (piesthe) the (to) cup (potērion) of me (mou)!


But (de) the (to) [request, v22, RE] to sit down (kathisai) out (ek) right (dexiōn) and (kai) out (ex) left (euōnumōn) of me (mou), this (touto) is (estin) absolutely not (ouk) of me (emon) to give (dounai);


BUT (all), [to sit down out right and out left of me, RE] [is] for ones whom (hois) it has been made ready (hētoimastai) under (hupo) [authority, AE] of the (tou) Father (patros) of me (mou)!”


Mat. 20:24 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hoi) ten (deka) having heard (akousantes), they were very agitated (ēganaktēsan) about (peri) the (tōn) two (duo) brothers (adelphōn).


Mat. 20:25 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) having caused himself to call aloud to (proskalesamenos) them (autous), he enunciated (eipen), “You have seen (oidate) that (hoti) the (hoi) chief ones758 (archontes) of the (tōn) ethnic groups (ethnōn) are lords down (katakurieuousin) [through, AE] them (autōn), and (kai) the (hoi) great ones (megaloi) exercise authority down (katexousiazousin) [through, AE] them (autōn)!


Mat. 20:26 (LIT/UBS4) Thusly (houtōs) it shall absolutely not cause itself to be (ouch estai) among (en) you (humin)!


BUT (all’), if perhaps (ean) whoever (hos) among (en) you (humin) may desire (thelē) to cause himself to become (genesthai) [a] great one (megas), he shall cause himself to be (estai) [a] minister (diakonos) of you (humōn)!


Mat. 20:27 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) perhaps (an) whoever (hos) among (en) you (humin) may desire (thelē) to be (einai) [a] first one4413 (prōtos), he shall cause himself to be (estai) [a] slave (doulos) of you (humōn);


Mat. 20:28 (LIT/UBS4) as (hōsper) the (ho) Son (huios) of the (tou) Mortal (anthrōpou) came (ēlthen) absolutely not (ouk) to be ministered to (diakonēthēnai), BUT (alla) instead (anti), to minister (diakonēsai), and (kai) to give (dounai) the (tēn) soul (psuchēn) of him (autou) [to be] [a] redeemer (lutron), of many (pollōn)!”


(For slaves having highly esteemed value, see Mat. 10:25, 20:25-28, 24:45-47, 25:14-30; Mark 10:42-45; Luke 7:2-10, 12:37-38, 42-44, 19:12-27; John 15:15-16; Acts 2:18; 1 Tim. 6:1; 2 Tim. 2:24.)


Mat. 20:29 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) of them (autōn) being caused to go out (ekporeuomenōn) from (apo) Jericho (Ierichō), [a] large (polus) crowd (ochlos) followed (ēkolouthēsen) him (autō).


Mat. 20:30 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) behold (idou), two (duo) blind ones (tuphloi) causing themselves to sit down (kathēmenoi) alongside (para) of the (tēn) way (hodon), they having heard (akousantes) that (hoti) Jesus (Iēsous) leads [a large crowd, v29, RE] alongside (paragei), they cried out (ekraxan) saying (legontes), “Have mercy (eleēson) for us (hēmas) lord (kurie), son (huios) of David (Dauid)!”


Mat. 20:31 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (ho) crowd (ochlos) epitomized (epetimēsen) them (autois) in order that (hina) they may be silent (siōpēsōsin).


But (de) the (hoi) [two blind ones, v30, RE] cried out (ekraxan) greatly (meizon), saying (legontes), “Have mercy (eleēson) for us (hēmas) lord (kurie), son (huios) of David (Dauid)!”


Mat. 20:32 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) having stood (stas) the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) sounded (ephōnēsen) for them (autous), and (kai) he enunciated (eipen), “What (ti) do you desire (thelete) I may do (poiēsō) for you (humin)?”


Mat. 20:33 (LIT/UBS4) They say (legousin) to him (autō), “Lord (kurie), in order that (hina) the (hoi) eyes (ophthalmoi) of us (hēmōn) may be opened up (anoigōsin)!”


Mat. 20:34 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) his spleen having been caused to ache4698 (splanchnistheis), the (ho) Jesus (Iēsous) caused himself to take hold (hēpsato) of the (tōn) eyes (ommatōn) of them (autōn), and (kai) straightaway (eutheōs) they looked up (aneblepsan)!


And (kai) they followed (ēkolouthēsan) him (autō).