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Chapter 2


Update:  2024.04.03


Phil. 2:1 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), if (ei) [there, AE] [is] any (tis) consolation (paraklēsis) in (en) Christ (Christō), if (ei) any (tis) comfort alongside (paramuthion) of love (agapēs), if (ei) any (tis) fellowship (koinōnia) of Spirit (pneumatos), if (ei) any (tis) spleens4698 (splanchna) and (kai) compassions (oiktirmoi),


Phil. 2:2 (LIT/UBS4) may you think (phronēte) the (to) same thing (auto), in order that (hina) the (tēn) joy (charan) of me (mou) is filled full (plērōsate);


holding (echontes) the (tēn) same (autēn) love (agapēn), souls together (sumpsuchoi) thinking (phronountes) the (to) one (hen) [thought, AE];


Phil. 2:3 (LIT/UBS4) [thinking, v2, RE] not one (mēden) [thought, AE] down according to (kat’) intrigue (eritheian);  


[thinking, v2, RE] but not (mēde) [one, RE] [thought, AE] down according to (kata) empty glory (kenodoxian);  


BUT (alla), [thinking, v2, RE] the (tē) thought of humility (tapeinophrosunē), being led (hēgoumenoi) of one another (allēlous), you holding [one another, RE] superior (huperechontas) of yourselves (heautōn)!


Phil. 2:4 (LIT/UBS4) Each one (hekastos), do not be scoping in on (skopountes) the things (ta) of yourselves (heautōn), BUT (alla), each one (hekastoi) [be scoping in on, RE] the things (ta) of another (heterōn) also (kai)!


Phil. 2:5 (LIT/UBS4) Think (phroneite) of this (touto) in (en) you (humin), which (ho) [thought of humility, v3, RE] [was] in (en) Christ (Christō) Jesus (Iēsou) also (kai);


Phil. 2:6 (LIT/UBS4) who (hos), being one under control (huparchōn) in (en) [a] form (morphē) of [a] god (theou), he absolutely did not lead himself (ouch hēgēsato) of the (to) [thinking, v2, RE] to equally be (einai isa) [a] god (theō), something stolen (harpagmon)!


(Do you think apostle Paul was telling the believers not to think of themselves as being equal to the one true God almighty, or not to think of themselves as being equal to a god?  For believers to become so puffed up that they begin to think of themselves as being equal to the one true God almighty, our heavenly Father, seems preposterous.  If apostle Paul meant that a believer shouldn't think of himself as being a god, then that must have been the thought which Christ Jesus disciplined himself to think, rejecting the notion that he was equal to a god, rather than stealing/snatching equality with a god.  Jesus said that his heavenly Father was greater than he (John 14:28).


(For the physical head of Jesus Christ, as well as the physical heads of all males of mortalkind, being subordinate icons of the glory of the God, see Gen. 1:26-27, 9:6; 1 Cor. 11:7; 2 Cor. 3:18, 4:4; Phil. 2:5-6; Col. 1:15, 3:10; Heb. 1:3)


Phil. 2:7 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), he emptied (ekenōsen) himself (heauton), he having taken (lobōn) [a] form (morphēn) of [a] slave (doulou), he having caused himself to become (genomenos) in (en) [a] likeness (homoiōmati) of mortals (anthrōpōn), and (kai) one having been found (heuretheis) [in, RE] [a] scheme (schēmati) as (hōs) [a] mortal (anthrōpos)!


(For the Word’s heavenly pre-existence as a spirit-based being see Prov. 8:22-31; Dan. 3:25-28; John 1:1-2, 14, 30, 3:13, 31, 6:33, 38, 41, 50-51, 58-62, 8:23-26, 58, 13:3, 16:27-30, 17:5-8, 24; Rom. 8:29; 1 Cor. 10:4, 9, 15:47; Gal. 4:1-5; Eph. 4:8-10, Phil. 2:6-7; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:4-6, 3:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; 1 John 1:2; Rev. 3:14)


(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)


Phil. 2:8 (LIT/UBS4) He humbled (etapeinōsen) himself (heauton), he having caused himself to become (genomenos) attentive (hupēkoos) until (mechri) death (thanatou), but (de) death (thanatou) of [a] stake (staurou)!


(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)


Phil. 2:9 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) through which (dio) [death, v8, RE] the (ho) God (theos) <set> him (auton) over above (huperupsōsen), and (kai) caused himself to be gracious (echarisato) to him (autō);


[he having given, AE] [to him, RE] the (to) name (onoma), the one (to) over (huper) every (pan) name (onoma);


Phil. 2:10 (LIT/UBS4) in order that (hina) in (en) the (tō) name (onomati) of Jesus (Iēsou) every (pan) knee (gonu) may bend2578 (kampsē);


[every knee, ER] over heavenly things (epouraniōn), and (kai) [every knee, ER] over lands (epigeiōn), and (kai) [every knee, ER] down under grounds (katachthoniōn);


Phil. 2:11 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) every (pasa) tongue (glōssa) may cause itself to confess out (exomologēsētai) that (hoti) [the] lord (kurios) [of him, AE] [is] Jesus (Iēsous) Christ (Christos), into (eis) glory (doxan) of God (theou), of [the] Father (patros).


(For Jesus Christ having caused himself to receive a name which is above all other names, with the exception of the God’s names, see Luke 2:21, 24:47; John 1:11-12, 20:31; Acts 4:12, 29-30; Phil. 2:5-11; Heb. 1:*4, 1-13; Rev. 3:12, 19:11-13.)


(For which thoughts we are to disciple ourselves to think, see Rom. 8:5-8, 12:2-3, 15-19, 14:4-9, 15:4-7; 1 Cor. 13:11, 14:20; 2 Cor. 13:11; Gal. 5:7-10; Phil. 1:3-7, 2:1-11, 3:8-19; Col. 3:1-15)


Phil. 2:12 (LIT/UBS4) And so (hōste) beloved ones (agapētoi) of me (mou), down according to as (kathōs) you always obeyed (pantote hupēkousate), not (mē) as (hōs) in (en) the (tē) presence (parousia) of me (mou) only (monon), BUT (alla), now (nun) much (pollō) more (mallon) in (en) the (tē) absence (apousia) of me (mou), together with (meta) fear (phobou) and (kai) trembling (tromou), cause yourselves to work down (katergazesthe) the (tēn) wholeness (sōtērian) of yourselves (heautōn)!


Phil. 2:13 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) God (theos) is (estin) the one (ho) energizing (energōn) in (en) you (humin);


both (kai) to desire (thelein) the (to) [wholeness, v12, RE], and (kai) the (to) [desire, RE] to be energized (energein) over (huper) [the sake, AE] of the (tēs) good expectation (eudokias) [of God, RE].


(For the Spirit of God being in Christ, and the Spirit of Christ being in those who believe upon his name, making them more than conquerors now, see Mat. 10:25; Acts 1:4-8; Rom. 8:9-11, 37; 1 Cor. 12:6; 2 Cor. 2:14, 13:3-5; Gal. 1:16; Eph. 1:19-20, 4:13, 6:13-18; Phil. 2:13, 4:13; Col. 1:27-29; 1 Thes. 2:13; 2 Tim. 1:7; 1 John 4:4, 5:4-5)


Phil. 2:14 (LIT/UBS4) Do (poieite) all things (panta) without (chōris) murmurings (goggusmōn) and (kai) dialogues (dialogismōn);


Phil. 2:15 (LIT/UBS4) in order that (hina) you may cause yourselves to become (genēsthe) faultless ones (amemptoi), and (kai) unmixed185 ones (akeraioi), ones born (tekna) of God (theou), unblemished ones (amōma) [in, AE] [the] midst (meson) of [a] crooked (skolias) generation (geneas);


and (kai) [[in, AE] [the] midst of [a] generation, RE] having been thoroughly twisted (diestrammenēs), among (en) which ones (hois) you cause yourselves to shine (phainesthe) as (hōs) illuminations (phōstēres) in (en) [the] cosmos (kosmō);


Phil. 2:16 (LIT/UBS4) lingering over (epechontes) [the] Word (logon) of Life (zōēs) into (eis) [a] boast (kauchēma) to me (emoi) into (eis) [the] day (hēmeran) of Christ (Christou), that (hoti) I absolutely did not run (ouk edramon) into (eis) emptiness (kenon), but nor (oude) did I labor (ekopiasa) into (eis) emptiness (kenon)!


Phil. 2:17 (LIT/UBS4) BUT (alla), if (ei) I am being poured out (spendomai) also (kai) over (epi) the (tē) sacrifice (thusia) and (kai) liturgical service (leitourgia) of the (tēs) belief (pisteōs) of you (humōn), I rejoice (chairō), and (kai) I rejoice with (sunchairō) you (humin) all (pasin)!


Phil. 2:18 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) [you do, AE] the (to) same (auto), you (humeis) also (kai) rejoice (chairete), and (kai) rejoice together with (sunchairete) me (moi).


Phil. 2:19 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) I hope (elpizō), in (en) [the] lord (kuriō) Jesus (Iēsou), to send (pempsai) Timothy (Timotheon) to you (humin) quickly (tacheōs);


in order that (hina) I also (kagō) may be well-souled2174 (eupsuchō), one having known (gnous) the things (ta) about (peri) you (humōn).


Phil. 2:20 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) I have (echō) absolutely not one (oudena) [who, AE] [is] equally-souled2473 (isopsuchon), one who (hostis) shall legitimately worry (gnēsiō merimnēsei) about (peri) [the sake, AE] of you (humōn)!


Phil. 2:21 (LIT/UBS4) Because (gar) the ones (hoi) all (pantes) search (zētousin) for the things (ta) of themselves (heautōn), absolutely not (ou) the things (ta) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou)!


Phil. 2:22 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) of the (tēn) proof (dokimēn) of him (autou) you know (ginōskete);


because (hoti) as (hōs) [a] born one (teknon) to [a] father (patri), he slaved (edouleusen) together with (sun) me (emoi) into (eis) the (to) Evangelism (euangelion).


Phil. 2:23 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), this one (touton) I hope (elpizō) to send (pempsai) perhaps (an) at once (exautēs), as (hōs) I may gaze at (aphidō) the things (ta) around (peri) me (eme).


Phil. 2:24 But (de) I have been persuaded (pepoitha) in (en) [the] lord (kuriō) that (hoti) myself (autos) also (kai), I shall cause myself to come (eleusomai) quickly (tacheōs).


Phil. 2:25 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) I led myself (hēgēsamēn) to send (pempsai) to (pros) you (humas) [a] necessary one (anankaion), Epaphroditus (Epaphroditon), the (ton) brother (adelphon) and (kai) worker together with (sunergon) [me, RE], and (kai) [a] soldier together with (sustratiōtēn) me (mou), but (de) [an] apostle (apostolon) of you (humōn), and (kai) [a] liturgist (leitourgon) of the (tēs) need (chreias) of me (mou);


Phil. 2:26 (LIT/UBS4) if since (epeidē) he has been (ēn) longing after (epipothōn) all (pantas) of you (humas), and (kai) he is being heavy (adēmonōn), (through the reason that (dioti) you heard (ēkousate) that (hoti) he was disabled (ēsthenēsen)),


Phil. 2:27 (LIT/UBS4) [it, AE] [is] because (gar) he was disabled (ēsthenēsen), and (kai) near alongside (paraplēsion) to death (thanatō).


BUT (alla), the (ho) God (theos) had mercy (ēleēson) for him (auton)!


But (de) absolutely not (ouk) for him (auton) alone (monon), BUT (alla), for me (eme) also (kai), in order that (hina) I may not have (mē schō) grief (lupēn) upon (epi) grief (lupēn)!


Phil. 2:28 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), I sent (epempsa) him (auton) hastily (spoudaioterōs);


in order that (hina) you having seen (idontes) him (auton) again (palin) you may be caused to rejoice (charēte), and I (kagō) may be (ō) [an] ungrieving one (alupoteros).


Phil. 2:29 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), <cause yourselves to receive> him (auton) to yourselves (prosdechesthe) in (en) [the] lord (kuriō), together with (meta) all (pasēs) joy (charas);


and (kai) hold (echete) the ones (tous) like these (toioutous) honorable (entimous);


Phil. 2:30 (LIT/UBS4) through (dia) [the sake, AE] of that (hoti) he came near1448 (ēngisen) unto (mechri) death (thanatou) having caused himself to risk (paraboleusamenos) the (tē) soul (psuchē) [of him, AE] for the (to) work (ergon) of Christ (Christou), in order that (hina) he may fill up (anaplērōsē) the (to) thing lacking (husterēma) of you (humōn) of the (tēs) liturgical service (leitourgias) [of him, AE] to (pros) me (me).


(See v25 for Epaphroditus being apostle Paul's personal manservant.)