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Chapter 1


Update:  2023.12.26


Rev. 1:1 (LIT/UBS4) [A] revelation (apokalupsis) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), which (hēn) the (ho) God (theos) gave (edōken) to him (autō) to thoroughly show (deixai) to the (tois) slaves (doulois) of him (autou) things which (ha) [are] necessary (die) to cause themselves to come to pass (genesthai) in (en) acceleration (tachei)


And (kai) [[the] revelation, RE] was signified (esēmanen), he having sent (aposteilas) [[the] revelation, RE] through (dia) the (tou) messenger (angelou) of him (autou), to the (tō) slave (doulō) of him (autou), John (Iōannē);


(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)


Rev. 1:2 (LIT/UBS4) who (hos) witnessed (emarturēsen) the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou), and (kai) the (tēn) witness (marturian) of Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), whatever things (hosa) he saw (eiden).


(For apostle Paul, and other apostles, receiving revelation from Christ Jesus for much of what they preached and taught, see Luke 2:32; Rom. 16:25-27; 1 Cor. 1:4-8; 2 Cor. 12:1; Gal. 1:12, 2:1-2; Eph. 3:3; 1 Pet. 1:13; Rev. 1:1-2.)


Rev. 1:3 (LIT/UBS4) [A] happy one (makarios) [is] the one (ho) reading up (anaginōskōn), and (kai) the ones (hoi) hearing (akouontes) the (tous) Words (logous) of the (tēs) prophecy (prophēteias), and (kai) watching (tērountes) the (ta) [Words, RE] having been written (gegrammena) in (en) her (autē), because (gar) the (ho) time (kairos) [is] near (engus).


Rev. 1:4 (LIT/UBS4) John (Iōannēs), to the (tais) seven (hepta) churches (ekklēsiais), to the ones (tais) in (en) the (tē) Asia (asia);


grace (charis) to you (humin), and (kai) peace (eirēnē) from (apo) the one (ho) being (ōn), and (kai) the one (ho) [who, AE] was being (ēn), and (kai) the one (ho) causing himself to come (erchomenos);


and (kai) from (apo) the (tōn) seven (hepta) spirits (pneumatōn) which (ha) [are] in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) throne (thronon) of him (autou);


Rev. 1:5 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) from (apo) Jesus (Iēsou) Christ (Christou), the (ho) witness (martus), the (ho) believable one (pistos), the (ho) firstborn one (prōtotokos) of the (tōn) dead ones (nekrōn), and (kai) the (ho) beginning one758 (archōn) of the (tōn) kings (basilēon) of the (tēs) land (gēs);


the one (tō) loving (agapōnti) us (hēmas), and (kai) having let us loose (lusanti hēmas) out (ek) of the (tōn) sins (hamartiōn) of us (hēmōn) in (en) the (tō) blood (haimati) of him (autou).


(For what is the scriptural definition of the meaning of, “being baptized in the name of…”, compare Mat. 28:19; John 5:37-43, 10:25, 13:6-15; Acts 4:7, 9:17-18, 19:5, 22:16; Rom. 1:1-6; Eph. 5:26; Titus 3:5; Rev. 1:5)


Rev. 1:6 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he made (epoiēsen) of us (hēmas) [a] Kingdom (basileian) of sacrificial priests (hiereis) to the (tō) God (theō) and (kai) Father (patri) of him (autou)!


(For a Kingdom of sacrificial priests, what it is and when it began, see 1 Pet. 2:9; Rev. 1:6)


(For the one making kings, see Rom. 5:17; 1 Cor. 4:8; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 1:6a, 5:10; 17:14; 22:5)


To him (autō) [be] glory (doxa), and (kai) the (to) power (kratos) into (eis) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) of the (tōn) ages (aiōnōn), truly (amēn)!


Rev. 1:7 (LIT/UBS4) Behold (idou), he causes himself to come (erchetai) with (meta) the (tōn) clouds (nephelōn)!  


And (kai) every (pas) eye (ophthalmos) shall cause itself to gaze at (opsetai) him (auton), and (kai) the ones who (hoitines) pricked him out (exekentēsan auton).  


And (kai) all (pasai) the (hai) tribes (phulai) of the (tēs) land (gēs) shall beat themselves2875 (kopsontai) over (ep’) [the sake, AE] of him (auton).  


Yes (nai), truly (amēn)!


Rev. 1:8 (LIT/UBS4) “I (egō) am (eimi) the (to) Alpha one (alpha), and (kai) the (to) Omega one (ō) says (legei) Lord (kurios, YHWH), the (ho) God (theos, YHWH).  


“[I am, RE] the one (ho) being (ōn), and (kai) the one (ho) [who, AE] was being (ēn), and (kai) the one (ho) causing myself to come (erchomenos), the one (ho) all powerful (pantokratōr).”


(See Isa. 41:4)


Rev. 1:9 (LIT/UBS4) I John (Iōannēs), the (ho) brother (adelphos) of you (humōn), and (kai) partaker together with (sunkoinōnos) [you, RE] in (en) the (te) mental pressure (thlipsei), and (kai) [in the, RE] Kingdom932 (basileia), and (kai) [in the, RE] endurance (hupomonē) in (en) Jesus (Iēsou), caused myself to become (egenomēn) in (en) the (tē) island (nēsō), the one (tē) being called aloud (kaloumenē) Patmos (Patmō), through (dia) [the sake, AE] of the (ton) Word (logon) of the (tou) God (theou), and (kai) the (tēn) witness (marturian) of Jesus (Iēsou).


Rev. 1:10 (LIT/UBS4) I caused myself to become (egenomēn) in (en) Spirit (pneumati) in (en) the (tē) Lord's (kuriakē) day (hēmera), and (kai) I heard (ēkousa) behind (opisō) me (mou) [a] great (megalēn) sound (phōnēn) as (hōs) of [a] trumpet (salpingos),


Rev. 1:11 (LIT/UBS4) saying (legousēs), “What (ho) you see (blepeis) write (grapson) into (eis) [a] little scroll (biblion).


And (kai) send (pempson) [it, AE] to the (tais) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiais), into (eis) Ephesus (Epheson), and (kai) into (eis) Smyrna (Smurnan), and (kai) into (eis) Pergamos (Pergamon), and (kai) into (eis) Thyatira (Thuateira), and (kai) into (eis) Sardis (Sardeis), and (kai) into (eis) Philadelphia (Philadelpheian), and (kai) into (eis) Laodicea (Laodikeian).”


Rev. 1:12 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) I turned back (epestrepsa) to look at (blepein) the (tēn) voice (phōnēn) which (hētis) was speaking (elalei) with (met’) me (emou).


And (kai) having turned back (epistrepsas) I saw (eidon) seven (hepta) golden (chrusas) lamp stands (luchnias).


Rev. 1:13 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) in (en) [the] midst (mesō) of the (tōn) lamp stands (luchniōn) [was] [the] son (huion), like (homoion) of [a] mortal (anthrōpou), he having enrobed himself in (endedumenon) [a] foot-length (podērē) [robe, RE], and (kai) having girdled himself around (periezōsmenon) toward (pros) the (tois) breasts (mastois) [in, AE] [a] golden (chrusan) girdle (zōnēn) .


Rev. 1:14 (LIT/UBS4) But (de) the (hē) head (kephalē) of him (autou) and (kai) the (hai) hairs (triches) [were] white (leukai) as (hōs) wool (erion), white (leukon) as (hōs) snow (chiōn).  


And (kai) the (hoi) eyes (ophthalmoi) of him (autou) [were] as (hōs) [a] flame (phlox) of fire (puros).


(For God making the liturgists of him as flames of fire, see Psalm 104:4; Acts 2:3-4a, 7:30; 2 Thes. 1:7-8; Heb. 1:7; Rev. 1:14, 2:18, 19:12)


Rev. 1:15 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hoi) feet (podes) of him (autou) [were] ones like (homoioi) copper (chalkolibanō), as (hōs) having been inflamed (pepurōmenēs) in (en) [a] furnace (kaminō).  


And (kai) the (hē) sound (phōnē) of him (autou) [was] as (hōs) [the] sound (phōnē) of many (pollōn) waters (hudatōn).


Rev. 1:16 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) he is holding (echōn) in (en) the (tē) right (dexia) hand (cheiri) of him (autou) seven (hepta) stars (asteras).  


And (kai) out (ek) of the (tou) mouth (stomatos) of him (autou) [a] keen (oxeia) double-mouthed (distomos) Rhomphaia4501 (Rhomphaia) was caused to go out (ekporeuomenē).  


And (kai) the (hē) appearance (opsis) of him (autou) [was] as (hōs) the (ho) sun (hēlios) shines (phainei), in (en) the (tē) inherent power (dunamei) of him (autou).


Rev. 1:17 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) when (hote) I saw (eidon) him (auton) I fell4098 (epesa) toward (pros) the (tous) feet (podas) of him (autou) as (hōs) [a] dead one (nekros).  


And (kai) he put (ethēken) the (tēn) right (dexian) [hand, AE] of him (autou) upon (ep’) me (eme), saying (legōn), “Do not be made fearful (mē phobou).  


I (egō) am (eimi) the (ho) first one (prōtos), and (kai) the (ho) last one (eschatos),


Rev. 1:18 (LIT/UBS4) and (kai) the one (ho) living (zōn), and (kai) I caused myself to become (egenomēn) [a] dead one (nekros).


And (kai) behold (idou), I am (eimi) living (zōn) into (eis) the (tous) ages (aiōnas) of the (tōn) ages (aiōnōn)!  


And (kai) I have (echō) the (tas) keys (kleis) of the (tou) death (thanatou), and (kai) of the (tou) grave (hadou).


(For an outline of Jesus Christ’s accomplishments in his earthly agency to his heavenly Father, see the note under Mat. 3:17.)


Rev. 1:19 (LIT/UBS4) Therefore (oun), write (grapson) the things (ha) you saw (eides), and (kai) the things (ha) [which, AE] are (eisin), and (kai) the things (ha) [which, AE] are about (mellei) to cause themselves to come to pass (genesthai) together with (meta) these things (tauta);


Rev. 1:20 (LIT/UBS4) the (to) Mystery (mustērion) of the (tōn) Seven (hepta) Stars (asterōn) which (hous) you saw (eides) upon (epi) the (tēs) right (dexias) [hand, AE] of me (mou), and (kai) the (tas) seven (hepta) lamp stands (luchnias), the (tas) golden ones (chrusas).


The (hoi) seven (hepta) stars (asteres) are (eisin) messengers (angeloi) of the (tōn) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiōn).


And (kai) the (hai) lamp stands (luchniai), the (hai) seven ones (hepta), are (eisin) seven (hepta) assemblies (ekklēsiai).”