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Chapter 8


Update:  2023.12.28


Rev. 8:1 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) when perhaps (hotan) [the little lamb, v7:17, RE] opened up (ēnoixen) the (tēn) seal (sphragida), the (tēn) seventh one (hebdomēn), the (tō) heaven (ouranō) caused itself to become (egeneto) in (en) [a] hush (sigē), as (hōs) of half of [an] hour (hēmiōrion).


Rev. 8:2 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) I saw (eidon) the (tous) seven (hepta) messengers (angelous) who (hoi) have stood (hestēkasin) in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) God (theou)


And (kai) seven (hepta) trumpets (salpinges) were given (edothēsan) to them (autois).


Rev. 8:3 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) another (allos) messenger (angelos) came (ēlthen).


And (kai) it was caused to stand (estathē) upon (epi) the (tou) altar (thusiastēriou), it holding (echōn) [a] golden (chrusoun) frankincense burner (libanōton).


And (kai) there was given (edothē) to it (autō) much (polla) incense (thumiamata), in order that (hina) it shall give (dōsei) [incense, RE] upon (epi) the (to) altar (thusiastērion), the (to) golden one (chrusoun), the one (to) in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) throne (thronou), for the (tais) prayers of well-thankfulness to4335 (proseuchais) [God, AE] of all (pantōn) of the (tōn) holy ones (hagiōn).


Rev. 8:4 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) smoke (kapnos) of the (tōn) incenses (thumiamatōn), for the (tais) prayers of well-thankfulness to4335 (proseuchais) [God, AE] of the (tōn) holy ones (hagiōn), went up (anebē) out (ek) of [the] hand (cheiros) of the (tou) messenger (angelou), in sight (enōpion) of the (tou) God (theou).


Rev. 8:5 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) messenger (angelos) has taken (eilēphen) the (ton) frankincense burner (libanōton) and (kai) loaded (egemisen) it (auton) out (ek) of the (tou) fire (puros) of the (tou) altar (thusiastēriou), and (kai) threw (ebalen) [it, AE] into (eis) the (tēn) land (gēs);


and (kai) thunderings (brontai), and (kai) noises (phōnai), and (kai) starlights (astrapai), and (kai) [an] earthquake (seismos) caused themselves to come to pass (egenonto).


Rev. 8:6 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (hoi) seven (hepta) messengers (angeloi), the ones (hoi) holding (echontes) the (tas) seven (hepta) trumpets (salpingas), made ready (hētoimasan) themselves (autous) in order that (hina) they may trumpet (salpisōsin).


The First Trumpet Sounds


Rev. 8:7 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) first (prōtos) [messenger, v6, RE] trumpeted (esalpisen).  


And (kai) there caused itself to become (egeneto) hail (chalaza), and (kai) fire (pur) having been mixed (memigmena) in (en) blood (haimati).


And (kai) it was thrown (eblēthē) into (eis) the (tēn) land (gēn).


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tēs) land (gēs) was burned down (katekaē).


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) trees (dendrōn) was burned down (katekaē).


And (kai) all (pas) pale-green (chlōros) fodder (chortos) was burned down (katekaē).


The Second Trumpet Sounds


Rev. 8:8 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) second (deuteros) messenger (angelos) trumpeted (esalpisen).  


And (kai) as (hōs) [a] great (mega) mountain (oros) burning (kaiomenon) [in, AE] fire (puri), it was thrown (eblēthē) into (eis) the (tēn) sea (thalassan).


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tēs) sea (thalassēs) caused itself to become (egeneto) blood (haima).


Rev. 8:9 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) creatures (ktismatōn), of the ones (tōn) in (en) the (tē) sea (thalassē), the ones (ta) having (echonta) souls (psuchas), died away (apethanen).


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) ships (ploiōn) were thoroughly destroyed (diephtharēsan).


The Third Trumpet Sounds


Rev. 8:10 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) third (tritos) messenger (angelos) trumpeted (esalpisen).  


And (kai) [a] great (megas) star (astēr) fell (epesen) out (ek) of the (tou) heaven (ouranou), burning (kaiomenos) as (hōs) [a] lamp (lampas).


And (kai) it fell (epesen) upon (epi) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) rivers (potamōn), and (kai) upon (epi) the (tas) fountains (pēgas) of the (tōn) waters (hudatōn).


Rev. 8:11 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (to) name (onoma) of the (tou) star (asteros) is said (legetai) [to be] the (ho) Wormwood one (Apsinthos).  


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) waters (hudatōn) caused themselves to become (egeneto) Wormwood (Apsinthon).  


And (kai) many (polloi) of the (tōn) mortals (anthrōpōn) died away (apethanon) out (ek) of the (tōn) waters (hudatōn), because (hoti) they were made bitter (epikranthēsan).


(For the revealing by fire of those who are and who are not righteous, see Dan. 3; Mat. 3:10-12, 7:19, *13:24-51; Luke 3:9, 16-17, 12:49; John 15:6; Rom. 1:18; *1 Cor. 3:12-15; 2 Thes. 1:7-9; Heb. 10:26-29, 12:18; 1 Pet. 1:5-7; 2 Pet. 3:7-12; Jude 1:5-7; Rev. 8:5-11, 9:13-21; 14:18-20, 16:8-9, 17:16, *18:1-24, 20:7-15)


The Fourth Trumpet Sounds


Rev. 8:12 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) the (ho) fourth (tetartos) messenger (angelos) trumpeted (esalpisen).  


And (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tou) sun (hēliou) was struck (eplēgē), and (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tēs) bright moon (selēnēs), and (kai) the (to) third (triton) of the (tōn) stars (asterōn);


in order that (hina) the (to) third (triton) of them (autōn) may be darkened (skotisthē).  


And (kai) the (hē) day (hēmera), the (to) third (truton) of her (autēs), may not shine (mē phanē), and (kai) the (hē) night (nux) likewise (homoiōs).


Rev. 8:13 (LIT/UBS4) And (kai) I saw (eidon), and (kai) I heard (ēkousa), one (henos) eagle (aetou) causing itself to fly (petomenou) in (en) mid-heaven (mesouranēmati), saying (legontos) [in, AE] [a] great (megalē) voice (phōnē), “Woe (ouai), woe (ouai), woe (ouai), to the ones (tous) homing-down (katoikountas) upon (epi) the (tēs) land (gēs), [because, AE] of the (tōn) remaining (loipōn) sounds (phōnōn) out (ek) of the (tēs) trumpet (salpingos) of the (tōn) three (triōn) messengers (angelōn), of the ones (tōn) being about (mellontōn) to trumpet (salpizein)!”